Oct
29
2009

Hadith Number Fourteen

Hazrat Ibn Abbaas R.A. reports that a Sahabiyah (a Muslim lady who saw Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) once said to Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam): “O Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam), the obligation of Hajj has come at a time now when my father is a very old and weakly man. He is unable to remain seated on a camel (or horse). Can I then proceed to perform Hajj on his behalf?”

Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) replied: “Yes, you can.”

Another Sahabi R.A. also came with a similar request: “O Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam), my sister made vow that she would perform Hajj. Now she has passed away. What should we do?”

Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) replied: “Should she have passed away while she owed someone something, would you have settled that debt?”

The man replied: “Yes indeed.”

Rassulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) said: “This is a debt due to Allah. Settle it.” (Mishkaat)

In another instance one Sahaabi came to Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) saying: “My father is very old. Neither can he perform Hajj nor Umrah, nor can he travel about.” Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) said: “In that case perform Hajj on his behalf as well as Umrah.’ (Mishkaat)

In one similar Hadith Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) replied to this question by saying: “If your father was in debt, and you paid his debt, would it be considered as discharged?”

He said: “Yes it would be discharged.”

Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) said: “Allah is most merciful. (Why will Allah not accept it). perform Hajj on behalf of your father.” (Kanz)

Kanzul Ummaal mentions a Hadith in which it is stated: “Whoever performs Hajj on behalf of his parents, after they had passed away, he shall be save from the fire of hell, while for the parents the reward of a full Hajj shall be written. The reward of the one who performs it shall not be decreased. And no one can do anything better for his near relatives than to perform Hajj on their behalf, and sending the reward to them in their graves.”

One Sahabi inquired: “O Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam), when my parents were alive, I used to treat them well. Now they are dead, I still wish to look after them as before. How can I do that?”

Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) replied: “when you perform salaat, then perform salaat on their behalf as well, and convey the thawaab to them; and when you fast, fast on their behalf as well.”

One Sahabi asked Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam): ‘O Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) when we give charity on behalf of the deceased ones, or perform Hajj, and pray for their forgiveness, does the benefit of these actions of ours reach them?”
Rasulullah (Salallaho Alaihi Wassallam) replied: “indeed it does reach them and they become so please with it, just as if someone had placed a present before them in a plate.’ (Manaasik Qari)

Note: There are two ways in which Hajj may be performed on behalf of someone else. Firstly there is the nafil Hajj, Umrah or tawaaf on behalf of anyone else. Secondly there is the Hajj which had become compulsory on the persons on whose behalf it is being performed. Here then there are some conditions. It is best that these should be inquired from the learned ulama when required.

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