General Aadaab Part 02

Chapter 05 - The manner of performing Hajj, Dawah & Tabligh, Virtues of Hajj (Fazail e Hajj) / Wednesday, November 18th, 2009

18. When an animal has been hired car should be taken that only so much baggage should be loaded as the owner allows and no more. If the rental paid was for certain weight of baggage nothing more than that is permissible. The very same applies to a journey by rail, motor or plane. When a certain amount is allowed, it is not permissible without additional payments to take more than that, by concealing some items. Our elders used to be very careful of this. Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mubaarak R.A., the famous Muhaddith and Imaam once proceeded on a journey on a rented animal. Someone requested him to take a letter along. He said: ‘I have already shown all my baggage to the owner of the camel. Now I shall have to inform him once more of this letter. If he would give permission I shall take the letter and deliver it.’ (Ithaaf)

19. Once Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar R.A. saw a group of Hajis passing by. He said: ‘These days the Hajis are becoming less and the travelers are becoming more’. (Ithaaf) By this he meant that the true lovers of Allah are decreasing while those who are not sincere had increased tremendously. He calls for simplicity and discard of all splendor and enjoyment. The Haji should exhibit the signs of the mad lover of Allah, and not the sign of the beautifully adorned one.

20. When one has to spend in the way of Haj, do spend with the greatest ease and generosity without any stinginess. (See hadith nine, chapter one). For every rupee spent in this journey the reward shall be seven hundred rupees. Hence whatever money is spent here brings great reward. However, watch out for extravagance. When in Mecca spends more than what he would normally spend on food, rent and hire of animals or vehicles, thereby intending to assist the people of Mecca, then that too is a deed calling for reward and is then not extravagance.

21. Be very careful of bribery. Refrain from it at all cost, as long you are not forced to give a bribe, do not do so, it is strictly haraam. Some ulamaa have gone so far as to say that when a person can only go for Haj after having paid certain taxes, he should rather leave out a nafl Haj, because paying of taxes is assisting unjust rulers.

22. Some form of hardship will surely face you during this journey. When that happens you should bear with patience and under no circumstances utter such words that can be construed to show impatience, dissatisfaction or displeasure. According to the ulama there is a sadaqah of the body in the same way that there is a sadaqah of our money. Whatever bodily pain and hardships we experience is in fact a bodily sadaqah.

23. Inspite of all temptations that may come, try your utmost to avoid any sinful act. The Qur’aan has made special mention of this in the verse already discussed in chapter one where Allah says: ‘For Haj are the months well known: If anyone undertakes that duty therein let there be no obscenity, no wickedness nor wrangling in the Haj. The ulama have stated that one c an never reach unto Allah until such time that he discards all vain desires and passions. In older times people used to resort to monastacism. In Islam there is no monastacism. Its place has in some modified form been taken by Haj during which sexual contact with ones own wife is prohibited. (Ithaaf)

24. Being on a journey is not the same as being at home. Things become a bit more difficult with the result that many Hajis enroute to Mecca neglect their fardh salaat. Under no circumstances should this happen. Endeavour to be very punctual in this fundamental duty. Neglect of it, is a great sin. Should one become tired after travelling most of the night, he should not go to sleep before dawn. One should sit and rest with the head supported on a hand and the elbows pressed on the ground. All this precaution is required to avoid the salaat of Fajr being missed. Note that the virtues of salaat are even more than the virtue of Haj. (Ithaaf) Some ulama have gone so far as to say that when the road to Mecca is so unsafe that salaat cannot be performed, it does not become fardh. Among the Shuroot (conditions) of Haj is this that the road should be such that one will perform salaat on its appropriate times. Abu Qasim Hukeem wrote. “When a person goes for Jihaad and misses one salaat then he will by way of kaffarah have to go for Jihaad one hundred times in order to make up for the one salaat missed.” Another saintly person Hazrat Abu Bakr Waraak R.A. while on the way to Mecca at the first stop said: ‘Please take me back home, because in the first stage of the journey I have committed seven hundred major sins’. The ulamaa who were his companions were greatly surprised that at one stop a man could have committed such heinous crimes. Their surprise was even greater because he was indeed the most saintly figure among the great ones!

According to the one hadith the missing of the jamaat of one salaat is tantamount to seven hundred major sins. (sharhe Lubabah). Perhaps this was what the Sheikh was referring to. I could not find this hadith in the famous books of Hadith and the Haj most probably was a Nafl one.

25. Travel the whole journey with the enthusiasm, zeal and longing of a lover travelling to the beloved. Consider yourself going to present yourself at the court of the king of the world. Consider yourself fortunate indeed to have been invited by him to join the other most fortunate ones and that had it not been for his great favor you would not have been able to go there. And He Himself is the one to have placed the desire in our hearts. ‘Placing the desire within me in his charitable deed. The limbs would not move had He not moved my feet’. While travelling keep alive the prayer: ‘O Allah in the same manner that You have in this world moved me toward seeing Your Holy House, do favor me in the hereafter with the look at Your blessed countenance.

26. Do continue to beg and hope that Allah accept the good deed we offer. He is the Gracious and Generous one and everyone should hope for His generosity. We have already seen in chapter one Hadith number six how great a sinner that person is how even on the plain of Arafaat doubts that his sin will be forgiven. Another hadith ( hadith number four and five) gave us almost a sure promise of forgiveness. One should have hope that one’s acts will be acceptable and still have the notions that because of our faults they may not be of an acceptable nature. Hazrat Abi Mulaika R.A. reports that he saw about thirty companions who inspite of being companions of Rasulullah Sal’am still feared that they were hypocrites. (Bukhari) In other words, they felt that the spiritual nature and the internal quality of their acts were not so splendid as appeared on the outside. For this they feared hypocrisy. One companion inquired of Rasulullah Sal’am about a man who fought in the way of Allah, intending to acquire reward while at the same time hoping that he becomes known for his act. He repeated this question a few times and Rasulullah Sal’am gave the same reply until he said: ‘Allah only accepts these acts, which are done purely for His sake’. (Targheeb)

Hazrat Shafee R.A. a Tabi’ee once came to Madina and saw a crowd of people gathered around a person. He drew nearer to them and on inquiring of them who this man was, was told that it was hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. He then asked: ‘O Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. I wish to hear from you a hadith which you had heard directly from the mouth of Rasulullah Sal’am. Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. replied: ‘Yes, I shall recite to you a Hadith, which I heard directly from Rasulullah Sal’am and understood.’

Saying this Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. gave a heart-rending scream and fell down crying bitterly very nearly un-conscious. When he regained himself a short while later he again said: “Yes, I shall now recite to you a Hadith, that Rasulullah Sal’am himself said to me in this house. At that time the two of us were completely alone, with no third one present’. When he came so far, Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. again gave a heart-rending cry and again began crying bitterly as before. When he again recovered he said: “Yes, I shall now recite to you a Hadith, which Rasulullah Sal’am himself said to me in this very place. At that time the two of us were completely alone, with no third person present.’ When he came so far, Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. again uttered such a scream more terrible than before. He cried so bitterly this time he fell down flat on his face in sorrow. Hazrat Shafee R.A. says; ‘For quite a time I kept holding onto him to console and revive him and when later he became fully conscious he said: “Rasulullah Sal’am said: “On the day of Qiyaamat when Allah shall reckon with everyone His servants and when every man shall be overcome with excessive fear, three people shall be called first. They are; a hafiz of the Qur’aan, a mujaahid who fought in the way of Allah and a wealthy man. Firstly a hafiz will be called to account. Allah shall say to him: ‘I have blessed you with the one blessed thing that I revealed to my beloved Prophet.’ He shall answer: “Indeed did You bless me with that.” Allah shall ask: ‘what did you do with that ‘knowledge?’ He shall reply: ‘Lord, night and day have I remained busy reading it. (For Thy sake)

Allah shall say: ‘that is not true”. The angels shall repeat: ‘Not true, not true.’ Allah shall continue; ‘You merely did so that among men you may become known as an excellent reader of the Qur’aan and so has it been said’. Then the wealthy one shall be called to account.

Allah shall say: ‘I have given you great wealth and in no way had I felt you dependent on others’. He shall reply: ‘Indeed have you made me so’. Allah shall ask: ‘Well, what have you done with this wealth?’ He shall reply: ‘Lord I used to assist the next of kin and gave much in charity for various causes. (For Thy sake)

Allah shall say: ‘That is not true’. The angels shall repeat; ‘not true, not true’. Allah shall continue: ‘Whatever you have done has been done solely so that man may say: ‘That is a generous man. And so had it been said to you’. Then mujaahid shall be called to account.

Allah shall say: ‘What is your deed?’. He shall say: ‘O Lord, You did command us to fight in Your way, so I proceeded into battle for Your sake till I gave my life as a martyr for your sake’. Allah shall say: ‘That is not true’. The angels shall repeat: ‘Not true, not true’. Allah shall continue: ‘You have indeed done all that but solely that man may say; ‘Indeed he is a great man’ and so has it been said’. Saying this Rasulullah Sal’am placed his hands on the thighs of Abu Hazrat Hurairah R.A. and said: ‘These three are the ones with whom the fire of hell shall first be kindled’. Having heard this hadith from Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A., hazrat Shafee R.A. went to Hazrat Muaawiya R.A. and related the hadith to him. Hazrat Maawiya R.A.said: ‘O if that is what will happen to these three then Allah alone knows what will be the position of the rest of us’. Hazrat Muaawiya R.A. started crying so terribly and for so long that people feared he may die. When he recovered he said: ‘Allah has spoken the truth and so had His Prophet; Allah says in the Qur’aan: ‘Whoso desires the life of this world and its adornment, him shall we fully recompense for his deeds in the world and no short measure shall he receive. These are the ones for whom there shall be in the hereafter nothing but Hell-fire, and naught shall be that which they had worked’.
From the above it would appear most difficult to be able to say with complete certainly and conviction that any action has been for Allah’s sake. One can only hope that in spite of our shortcomings in our acts, Allah in His infinite mercy, which encompasses all things, will forgive and accept.

Once Rasulullah Sal’am went to visit a young sahaabi who was very sick. His last moments were very near when Rasulullah Sal’am asked him: ‘How are you today?’ He replied: ‘O Messenger of Allah; I earnestly hope for the mercy of Allah, and I fear the consequences of my sins’. Rasulullah sal’am said: ‘Verily whenever these two things join each other in the heart of a believer, Allah grants him that which he desires and saves him from that which he fears’. (Jam-ul-Fawaa’id)

Hazrat Umar R.A. used to say; ‘If on the day of Qiyaamat this announcement should be made, that except for one person, who shall enter Jannat, all the rest shall go to Jahannam shall be I. And if it is announced that all shall go to Jannat, while only one shall be entered into Jahannam, then great shall be my fear that, that one shall be I’. Hazrat Ali R.A. used to say to his son; ‘O my son, have within you such fear that even though you should appear before Him with all the righteous deeds of all good men none of them will be accepted and have such hopes within you that even though you should appear before Him with all the sins of the world as your own. He will forgive them all’. (Ihya)

(Here I have noted some aadaab of Haj-not all. When coming to the chapter on the visit to Madina a few more will be mentioned. Do take note of these. They are very important).

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