Fourth Question & Answer (Part 01)


Dawah & Tabligh, Islamic Politics (Al-Eitidal fi Maratib ul Rijal) / Wednesday, August 24th, 2011

QUESTION 4

Today the Muslims are being dispersed and destroyed. What should they do?

Answer:
This is indeed true that Muslims are troubled and worried on all sides. Not only are the individuals among them caught up in problems. They are also tremendously worried by collective problems. Now comes the question: What should they do? Such a question from the pen of an ordinary Muslim of understanding surprises me. But even more so when coming from the pen of a scholar of learning.

Islam is that religion which Allah in the Quraan-e-Kareem has described as the Perfected Religion. Further, He had also through it, completed His favours upon the followers of this path.

In a most endearing tone He says:
„Today have I perfected for you your religion And completed My favour upon you And have been pleased
that Islam be your Deen.(Surah Maida V3)

Here Allah expresses His satisfaction that Islam be the religion of mankind. What a grand medal and what a pleasurable distinction!

Is it not strange that the followers of such a perfect religion and such a complete way of life should now be in distress as to what they should do? Allah and His truthful Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had not left any minor and major need of the Ummat, whether pertaining to worldly or religious affairs, where in the clearest terms they did not clarify their commands. At all times were the benefits and disadvantages clearly stated. Not only were the orders given and put down in words. No, the Holy Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his devoted followers – the Sahabah (Radiallahu anhum) – practically illustrated these commands by acting accordingly, and as such had practical experience thereof. In short, let it be known that success in worldly affairs as well as in spiritual affairs is only found in following diligently the example of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), and conforming to it.

However, when we look npon following the Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as old-fashioned, out-ofdate conservatism and consider the Sunnah (his path) as a sign of narrow-minded dogmatism, then I am afraid that our end result in the Hereafter will obviously be failure, whereas the consequences of our worldly affairs are that which we see before us today.

Every single act of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his illustious Sahabah (Radiallah anhum) are registered and preserved in writing through the wonderful services of the scholars of Ahaadeeth. Compare the actions of this Ummah today with the Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). You will come to the conclusion that deliberately, insolently practically every Sunnah is being discarded. That is not all. The Sun- nat is being purposely attacked and vehemently opposed. And those who invite towards it are being called ignorant fools as far as the religion is concerned.

Is there no limit to this tremendous wrong and injustice? If such is the position, what right have Muslims to complain about their present distress? What right have they got for this clamour and outcry in their speeches and writings that Muslims are facing ruin and destruction?

Persian couplet:
“That which we face is of our own doing No remedy is there for what we cause ourselves (to suffer).

In the clearest terms Allah Ta‟aala says:
“Whatever misfortune befalls you is because of what your own hands had earned. And Allah pardons much. And you will not be able to escape in the earth, for; save Allah you shall have no protector or helper.”

Allah states further:
“Corruption prevails over land and sea for that evil which the hands of men had caused; that He may make them taste part of that which they had done, in order that they may return.” (30. 41)

Similar themes are expounded in the Quran not in only one or two places but are stated in numerous places.

Regarding the first of the two verses quoted above, Sayyidina Au (Radiallahu anhu) says: “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said to me:

„I shall explain to you the meaning of this verse. 0‟ Ali! Whatever misfortune befalls you – whether sickness, or any form of torment or any worldly calamity – is because of what your hands had earned.‟

Sayyidina Imam Hasan (Radiallahu anhu) says: “When this verse was revealed, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: „I swear by Him in whose Hands is my life, whatever befalls you, whether it be the scratch of a stick, the throbbing of a vein, the stumble of the feet, or to be struck by a stone is because of some sin on your part.‟

Sayyidina Abu Moosa (Radiallahu anhu) says: “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: „When a servant of Allah suffers any injury or anything less than that befalls him, it shall be because of his own actions.”

Sayyidina Imran bin Haseen (Radiallahu anhu) once suffered from some illness somewhere in his body. People came to visit the patient and expressed sorrow on his behalf. He said: “Why do you express sorrow and regret? This which befell me is a result of some sinful act.”

Sayyidina Dahhaak (Radiallahu anhu) says: “When a person forgets the Quran after having put it to memory, it is a result of some sins committed by him.” Having said this he recited this verse (quoted above) and continued: “What greater calamity can there be than forgetting the Quran?”

When Sayyida Asma (Radiallahu anha), daughter of Sayyidina Abu Bakr (Radiallahu anhu), had a headache, she placed her hand on her head and said: “This befalls me because of my sins.” (Durr Manthoor, Ibn Kathir)

It is however also true that sometimes the calamities and ordeals are caused by causes other than misdeeds committed. Hence because of some of those causes the Ambiyaas (who are sinless) and innocent children are made to suffer. However it is not my intention to deal with those causes or possible causes at this moment. Those will be dealt with in their appropriate places. Neither do I wish to discuss all the verses and Ahaadeeth dealing with this topic or to point out all the possible causes. All I am trying to point out is that in the quoted verses and Ahaadeeth a general law has been formulated and that a general cause has been mentioned as the reason for all these misfortunes and calamities that befalls the Ummat. This reason is of such weight and its general effect of such magnitude that at times even those people who are not involved in such sinful activities are adversely affected by it.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said: “In the latter days of this Ummat there shall be much caving in (of men in their houses into the earth). And there will be transfiguration (and disfigurement of men into the forms of dogs, monkeys and apes). And stones will rain down from the heavens.”

Hearing this, someone from among the Sahabah (Radiallanu anhum) asked:

“0 Rasul of Allah, will destruction come to us even though there are the righteous ones among us?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied: „Yes (you will still be destroyed) when much evil and iniquity prevails. “(Tirmidhi)

This Hadeeth clearly shows that when much evil abounds, the punishment from Allah‟s side will come in spite of the presence of virtuous people.

Apart from this there is the famous Hadeeth which has been reported in numerous forms: “Continue to command each other towards the good and continue to prohibit each other from evil, otherwise Allah will send down upon you His punishment.”

In some versions of this Hadeeth there is an additional thus:

“At that time (when you stop this work) you shall call upon Allah and He will not answer you.”

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) also said: “If in any community of people any prohibited deed is being done and they in spite of being capable of preventing it, refrain therefrom, then before death Allah Ta‟aala will involve that (whole) community in some punishment.”

According to another Hadeeth, Allah Ta‟aala once despatched SayyidinaJibreel Alayhis Salaam to destroy a certain community. Jibreel Alayhis Salaam said: “There lives among them such a saintly being who has not sinned against Thee even once in his whole life. (How can I destroy them all)?” The reply came from Allah:

“That is indeed true, but never did a frown appear on his forehead for My sake, and on My behalf.” This means: He never once, on seeing evil committed and disobedience to My commands, exhibit any sorrow or anger. And that was the least that he could have done. (Mishkat).

It is not easy to mention all the numerous Ahaadeeth with similar themes, namely; that grave warning of punishment is expressed against those who see evil being committed and do not even show any form of displeasure, anger or sorrow. When one is incapable or too cowardly to stop such acts, the least that is expected of him as a Muslim is to show his sorrow and grief.

Now let us examine our own condition in the light of the abovementioned statements, (namely that evil befalls us through our sins and that for failure to stop evil, calamities overtake us.) How numerous are the sins we commit and in view of the theme of the verse and Hadeeth quoted, how much should the punishment and calamities that should fall upon us be? Then let us ask ourselves. How numerous are the sins we see being committed before our very eyes and how much are we perturbed and troubled at these iniquitous deeds? When such is the situation in which we find ourselves, how can our prayers to Allah be answered?

How can our problems be solved and our anxieties be eliminated? It is only through Allah Ta‟aala‟s Mercy and through the connection we have with Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his duaas for us that we are not all destroyed and completely annihilated.

So bad has it become that we are proud of our evil deeds and we look upon irreligious acts as a form of progress. Such are we that he who blasphemes against Allah Ta‟aala, uttering words of Kufr, is considered an enlightened person. When anyone so much as try to stop him or object to his utterances, he is called a bigoted fool, an ignorant narrow-minded opponent, standing in the way of progress – unaware and ignorant of the urgent needs of the times, a spoke in the wheel of progress. Yes, all that for trying to stop the spread of Kufr.

How indeed things have changed!

What we have stated above is a general observation. Now by way of elucidation let us illustrate with an example. In this religion of Islam our Salaah is of the utmost importance after faith (Imaan). In numerous Ahaadeeth the discarding of Salaah and negligence in its observance is stated to be leading almost to Kufr. It has also been mentioned that it is the distinguishing factor between Islam and Kufr. In my previous book -Virtues of Salaah – I have already mentioned in short all the deeni and worldly harm that comes as a result of forsaking Salaah. There is no need to repeat all that here. Now, how many are the Muslims who diligently discharge this obligation? Has anyone the guts to admonish those who neglect or forsake it? The poor Muslim may be admonished and preached to, but will anyone admonish or preach to one of the Muslims of the upper and higher classes? When anyone has some wealth or enjoys a position of power in the government, will anyone dare to try and put him right? Is it at all possible that when this high official is unmindful of this religious obligation that anyone will appear before him in his grand office to admonish him regarding his negligence?

Nowadays we see even worse than this. A man openly and fearlessly states that Salaah is not Ibaadah. Leave aside accosting and admonishing him. You will find those who praise him for such an irreligious statement. Now he is considered a great scholar – an Allamah – the man having the solution to all the ills of the Muslims – one who understands the needs of the hour. Whoever objects to any utterance of his, is an ignorant fool, is an Imam only good for two rakaahs of Salaah, who is completely unaware of the needs of the times.

As far as the Salaah is concerned, it was for Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) the “coolness of my eyes”. Now we find that one, claiming to be a follower of his, openly calls it a useless practice. And look what happens! He is awarded the medal for the man with depth and vision!

This is what is happening and yet the Muslims are complaining about calamities descending upon them! When such is our situation, then all the calamities that befall us is far less than what we in fact deserve. Surely it is only through Allah‟s great Mercy and encompassing Grace that we are still left alive on the face of the earth.

That was as far as Salaah is concerned, the one pillar of Islam. Take the others – Zakaah, Fasting and Haj. Have a look at the Muslims in the world and see how observant they are and how mindful they are. Thereafter take the haraam things. Among those forbidden things is wine. Now look how many of those claiming to be helpers of Islam and fighters for progress openly and without shame consume liquor. And with what cheek!

The Quran-e-Kareem repeatedly warns against it and in clear terms prohibited it. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) expressed a curse upon the drinkers of wine, the brewers thereof, the seller thereof, the buyer thereof, the transporter thereof and him for whom it is transported. He also cursed him who serves it and him who sells it for an income.

In another Hadeeth it is stated that: “Jibreel Alayhis Salaam came to me and said: „0 Mohammed! Allah has indeed cursed wine, its brewer and its transporter and the one to whom it is being transported, and its seller and he who serves it and he who causes another to serve it.‟

Both these Hadeeth have been described as correct and authentic by Imam Haakim (Rahmatullah Alayh). It is something to ponder over how many persons are involved in this curse of Allah and His Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Now consider what will be the end result of such people who are cursed by Allah and His Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) – the Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) who was so most affectionate and kind, who at all times was most anxiously striving for the progress, success and prosperity of this Ummat! As for those who, in spite of being capable of stopping it, prefer silence, how much different are they from these cursed ones. Then look at the present situation in our midst. Leave aside approaching the drinker to admonish him! If anyone (seeking to admonish) comes along to condemn the act, he is called an old-fashioned, narrow-minded, rigorous Mullah.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Refrain from wine, it is the key to every evil.” Now ask: When we ourselves open the doors of evil with our own hands, why do we complain of evil befalling us? The truthful informer Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) informed us that if you open this door, such evils will be let loose. We have opened those doors and indeed these evils have come into existence. So why do we now cry? Is there any limit to this stupidity?

In a similar manner, let us look at usury. Think with what force and emphasis Allah and his truthful Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) had warned against it and prohibited it. So strongly has it been prohibited that from His side and on behalf of His Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) He had announced a declaration of war against those refusing to leave it. The Quran says:-

And if you do not (give up what remains due to you from usury) then be warned of war against you from Allah and His Messenger. (2.278,279)

During the days of ignorance (Jihiliyyah) there used to be dealings involving usury. Then came the prohibition. Hence this command was given that all those who still had interest due to them should not only not collect it, but should also refrain from taking further usury in new dealings.

What grave warnings against usurious dealings in the Ahaadeeth. According to a Hadeeth reported in many forms and wordings, the taking of interest may be divided into seventy three forms of sin, the least sinful of them being tantamount to having committed fornication with one‟s own mother, the worst type being to degrade and insult a Muslim.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) also said: “Save yourself from such sin for which there is no pardon. One of these sins is usury. Those who take interest will appear as mad people on the day of Qiyamat.”

It is also reported that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) cursed him who takes interest, him who gives interest, him who gives evidence on usurious dealings, and him who writes usurious transactions. Now imagine what will be the end result of him who is cursed by Allah‟s Messenger!

In another Hadeeth Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) says: “The people among whom fornication, adultery and dealings in interest become prevalent (and widespread) have prepared themselves for Allah‟s punishment.”

Bearing these grave warnings in mind look now at our dealings. See how many of our business transactions are such that openly and fearlessly involve interest! That is bad enough, but worse than that: we find interest being considered permissible and books and articles written to “prove” its permissibility. When anyone opposes such views and protests, he becomes degraded,insulted and falsely accused. He is vehemently opposed and every effort is made to see that he is not being listened to.

I have now mentioned just two examples of what actually takes place. You may take the rest of the laws and commands of Shariat and ponder over them in similar manner. In all the commands of the Shariat you will find the same negligence, unmindfulness and even open rejection. On the other hand, regarding those acts which are haraam and not to be indulged in, you will find open indulgence boldly, shamelessly and openly.

You will hardly find anyone prepared to object, protest and admonish. When such a person is found, the battle and the consequence of his protest is only too clear and obvious.

After giving these examples I now quote a few Hadeeth by way of example from which you may deduce that all our present day problems, misfortunes and sorrows are the result of our own doing. They are not the consequences of the deeds of others.

If the Muslims truly believe that Sayyidina Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was truthful, they should fully understand and accept that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) indeed spoke the truth when he indicated that as a result of certain deeds on our part certain forms of punishment and sorrows will afflict us. They should accept that those forms of punishment will surely come. Do we wish to be saved from those evils? Then we should avoid those evil deeds.
What nonsense is this that of our own free will we jump into a blazing fire and then shout and cry: “We are burning. The flames are consuming us!” How will that help us?

Study the following Hadeeth carefully and ponder: Sayyidina Ali (Radiallahu anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “When my Ummat begins to do these fifteen things, calamities will descend on them; When booty becomes private personal property; When goods entrusted to the care of a person becomes booty; When Zakctht is being looked upon as a tax (given vety reluctantly); When wives are obeyed and mothers disobeyed; When friends and companions are treated amicably; While fathers are treated with scorn and harshness; When noise is heard in the Mosques; When uncouth villians become the leaders of men; When an unfit man is being honoured for fear of the evil that can proceed from him; When wine is being drunk openly (and boldly); When silk is being worn by men; When it shall become a habit to acquire singing girls; When the use of musical instruments will be common occurance; When the latter of this Ummat shall curse and criticise their predecessors (the Sahabah, Taab „een and the righteous Aiemma- e-Mujtahideen), then await red dust storms, earthquakes, caving in of the earth, transfiguration and the raining of stones from the heavens”.

In another Hadeeth Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radiallahu anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “When wealth of the Baytul Ma shall be considered as private property: When wealth left in trust becomes booty; When Zakaah begins to be regarded as a tax; When knowledge is acquired not for the purpose ofdeen; When a man shall obey his  wife and disobey his mother; When one shall draw near to friends and disassociate himselffrom his father; When voices shall be raised in the Masjids; When the evil-doer among a tribe shall hold responsible positions of power over them; When low villains shall be the leaders of men; When an unfit man shall be honoured for fear of the evil he may cause; When musical instruments shall be openly used; When wine shall be drunk and when the latter ones of this Ummat shall curse and criticise the predecessors, then await red dust storms, earthquakes, caving in of the earth, transfiguration and the raining of stones from the heavens.”

In the third Hadeeth the contents are basically the same as the above except that there, mention is made of “young boys sitting on mimbars to deliver lectures.”

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