Etiquette in Ibadat Part 2

Bahishti Zewar, Duas, Fiqh, Part 6-Etiquette and Manners, Reformation of the Heart, Deeds and their Retribution / Saturday, December 4th, 2010

Du‘â and Dhikr
1. When making du‘â, bear the following factors in mind:
(a) Make du‘â with full zeal and fervour.
(b) Do not make du‘â for anything sinful.
(c) If there is any delay in the acceptance of your du‘â, do not give it up out of despair. Instead, have full conviction of its acceptance.
2. Do not curse your children, wealth and life out of anger because it is highly possible that it is the time of acceptance of such a curse.
3. Make a concerted effort to remember Allah and His Rasûl sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam at the place at which you sit and discuss worldly affairs or engage in worldly matters. If not, all these matters and affairs will go to waste.
4. Make istighfâr abundantly. In doing so, your difficulties are made easy and there is barakah in your sustenance.
5. If, perchance, you commit any sin, do not delay in making taubah. If you commit a sin again, make taubah again and do not think that since you have acted contrary to your first taubah there is no benefit in making taubah a second time.
6. There are certain du‘âs which are recited at specific times. They are as follows:
(a) Recite the following du‘â at the time of sleeping:
It is Sunnah to join both hands, read the last three Surahs of the Qu’ran (Qul-Huwallah, Qul-A’udhu Bi Rabbil Falaq, Qul-A’udhu Bi Rabbin Nas) then blow on both hands and wipe the hands all over the body (starting from the face and front of the body). This should be done thrice. (Bukhari)

Ayatul Kusri should also be read. (Bukhari)
Then Recite:
Allâhumma bismika amütu wa ahya.
O Allah, with Your name I die and live. (Bukhari)

(b) When awakening, recite the following du‘â:
Dua upon waking up

Al-hamdu Lillâhil ladhi ahyana ba’da ma amâtanâ wa ilayhin nushur.

All praise to Allah who gave us life after having given us death, and (our) final return is to Him. (Bukhari)

Dua for security – prayer for morning and evening
Bismillâhil-ladhi lâ ya-durru ma’smihi shay’un fil urdi walâ fissamâi wa huwas sami’ul aleem
(I begin the day/night) in the name of Allah (SWT) by whose name nothing on earth and heaven can cause harm. He is All Hearing, All Knowing. (Muslim)
Note: Whoever reads this duâ thrice in the morning or evening, nothing will harm him till the night or morning.
It is also mentioned in a Hadeeth that who-so-ever reads Ayatul Kursi after Salah (prayer) will be under the protection of Allah (SWT) till the next Salah (prayer). (Tabarani)
Radina billãhi rabban wa bil-Islãmi dinan wa bi muhammadin rasülãn.
We are pleased with Allah as the Lord, with Islam as the Religion and with Mu as the Messenger. (Abi Daud)
Note: Whoever recites this du’á in the morning, Allah will satisfy him and please him.

Dua when finished eating
1. Al-hamdu lillãhilladhi at-amana’ wasaqãnâ waja-alana minal muslimin.
All praise is due to Allah (SWT) who gave us food and drink and made us Muslims. (Tirmidhi)
Al-hamdu lillâ-hilladhi at-amani hadhat ta-ama wa razaqanihi min ghayri hawlim minni walâ quwwah.
All praises are for Allah who fed me this food and gave it to me without any strength and ability on my part. (Tirmidhi)

Dua when boarding a vehicle
Sub-hãnal-ladhi sakh-khara lana hâdhâ wa-ma kunnâ lahü muqrin, wa innâ ilâ rabbinâ la-munqalibün.
Glory be to Him who has brought this under our control whereas we were unable to control it. Surely we are to return to Him. (Surah Zukhruf)

Dua before eating
Bismillâhi wabarakatillãh.
(I am eating) In the name of Allah (SWT) and with the blessings of Allah (SWT). (Hakim) 268

Dua if one forgets to read the dua before eating
Bismillâhi aw-walahu wa âkhirah.
In the name of Allah, at the beginning of it and at the end of it (meal). (Abi Da’ud)

Dua when dining at someone’s invitation
Allâhumma at-im man at-amni wasqi man saqâni.
O Allah (SWT) feed those who have fed me and satiate those who have satiated me. (Muslim)

Dua at the time of opening fast
Allâhumma laka Sumtu wa’ alâ rizqika ‘aftartu.
O Allah (SWT), for You I’ve fasted and I have completed my fast (iftar) on what You have provided. (Abi Da’ud)

Dua after drinking milk
Allahumma barik lana Fihi wazidna minhu
O Allah (SWT), grant us blessing in it and grant us more of it. (Tirmidhi) 269

Dua at the time of drinking the water of zam-zam
Allâhumma inni as’aluka ilman naïf-an wa rizqan wasi an wa shifâ-an min kulli dâ.
O Allah, I seek of You, beneficial knowledge, plentiful provision, and cure from all diseases. (Hakim)

Dua when wearing any article of clothing
Al-hamdu lilla hilladhi kasãni hâdhath-thawba, wa razaqanihi min ghayri hawlim minni wa la quw-wah.
All praises are for Allah who dressed me with this garment and gave it to me without any strength and ability on my part. (Tirmidhi)

Dua when wearing new clothing
Al-hamdu lillâhil-ladhi kasâni ma uwãri bihi awrati wa atajammalu bihi fi ha-yâti
All praises are due to Allah who clothed me with which I cover my body and with which I adorn myself in my life. (Tirmidhi)

Dua before removing clothing at the time of sleeping, changing etc.
Bismillâhilladhi lâilãha illâhü
In the name of Allah, apart from whom there is no Lord. (al-Nasai) 270

Dua upon exiting home
One should exit with the left foot first.
Bismillãhi tawak-kaltu alallahi, allãhumma inni a-udhibika an’udilla aw udalla aw uzilla aw uzalla aw azlima aw uzlama aw aj-hala aw yuj-hala alayya
In the name of Allah, I depend on Allah. 0 Allah I seek your protection from my misleading anyone or myself being mislead, from causing someone to commit sins or committing sins myself from oppressing or becoming oppressed and from causing somebody to be foolish or myself being caused to be foolish.(Tirmidhi)
Bismillâhi tawakkaltu a1allahi walâ hawla walâ quwwata illâ billâh.
In the name of Allah (SWT), I depend on Allah (SWT), and we do not have any power to do good deeds or to avoid evil deeds except with the help of Allah (SWT). (Tirmidhi)

Dua upon entering the home
One should enter with the right foot first
Allãhumma inni as’aluka khayral mawliji wa khayral makhraji, bismillâh walajnâ wa bismillâhi kharajnâ wa-alallahi rabbinâ tawakkalnâ.
O Allah (SWT), I beg of you the blessing of entering and leaving With Allah‘s (SWT) name do we enter and with Alláh’s (SWT) name do we leave, and upon Allah, our Lord, do we rely. (Abi Da’ud) 271

Dua when looking in the mirror
Al-hamdulillah, allahumma kama hassanta khalqi fahassin khuluqi
All praises are due to Allah, O Allah as you have given me a good physical form, so also favour me with good morals and manners. (Al-Nasai)

Dua before entering the toilet
One should enter with the left foot first.
Bismillãhi allâhumma inni a’udhu bika minal khubuthi wal khabâ’ith.
In the name of Allah: OAlláh, I seek Your protection from male and female devils. (Bukhari)

Dua when exiting the toilet
One should exit with the right foot first.
Ghufrânaka a1-hamdu lillãhil ladhi adh-haba annil adhâ wa âfani.
O Allah, I seek your forgiveness. AII praises are due to Allah who has taken away from me the discomfort and granted me comfort. (Bukhari)

Dua when starting wudhu
Bismillah should be recited first. (Abi Da’ud) 272
Allahummaghfirli dhanbi wassi’li fi’dâri wa barik li fi rizqi.
O Allah (SWT), forgive my sin, grant me expansion in my home and bless my livelihood. (Tirmidhi)

Dua when finishing wudhu
Ash-hadu allâ ilâha illallãhu wahdahü lâ sharika lahü wa ash-hadu anna muhammadan abduhü wa rasüluh.
I bear witness that there is no Lord except Allah (SWT). He is one and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. (Muslim)
Note: Whoever recites this dua, the eight doors of Paradise will be opened for him.
Then Recite;
Allãhummaj-alni minattawwâbina wa- alni minal mutatahhirin.
O Allah, make me from amongst the repenters and among those who keep very clean. (Tirmidhi)

Dua after hearing the adhan
Allãhumma rabba hâdhihid da’watit tãmmati, wassalâtil qâ’imati, âti muhammadanil wasilata, wal fadilata, wab-ath maqamam mahmuda nilladhi wa’dth.
O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and of this established prayer, grant Muhammad (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) the ‘Wasilah’ and honour and raise him to the praiseworthy position which You have promised him. (Bukhari)

Dua when Entering the masjid

One should enter with the right foot first.
Allãhummafta li abwâba rahmatik.
O Allâh (SWT), open for me the doors of Your mercy. (Muslim)

Dua when exiting the masjid
One should exit with the left foot first.
Allâhumma inni as’aluka min fadlik
O Alláh (SWT) I ask You of Your favour. (Muslim)

Dua at the end of a gathering
Sub-hânaka allãhumma wa bihamdika ash-hadu âllâ ilâha illâ anta astagh-firuka wa atübu ilayk.
Purity belongs to You. O Allah (SWT), with Your praises, I bear witness that there is non worthy of worship except You. I seek forgiveness from You and I repent to You. (Tirmidhi)
Note: The reciter of this dua, will have all the sins committed by him in the gathering, forgiven.

Dua when sneezing
One who sneezes should say:
Al-hum do lillâh
All praises are for Allah (SWT).
One who hears should respond by saying:
Allah’s (SWT) mercy be upon you.
Then the sneezer should respond by saying:
Yah dikumullâhu wa yus-lihu bâlakum.
May Allah (SWT) guide you and reform your condition. (Bukhari)

Dua when thanking someone
Jazãkallâhu khayrãn.
May Allah, reward you well. (Tirmidhi)

Dua when entering a market, shopping centre etc.
La ilâha illallãhu wahdahü lâ sharika lahü, lahul mulku walahul hamdu yu’yi wa yumitu wa huwa hayyun lâ
yamütu biyadihil khayru, wa huwa alâ kulli shay’in qadir.
There is no Lord except Allah. He is One and has no partners. His is the Kingdom and for Him are all praises. He gives life and gives death. He is eternal and everlasting In His control is goodness, and He has power over everything. (Tirmidhi)
Note: Whoever recites this duá, Allah will reward him with a million virtues (hasanah), forgive a million of his sins and elevate his rank by a million.

Dua when afraid of a group or nation
Allâhumma innâ naj’aluka fi nuhürihim wa na’ udhu bikka min shurürihim.
O Allah (SWT), we place you in our front against them and seek Your protection against their mischief. (Abi Da’ud)

Dua when feeling pain anywhere in the body
A’üdhu bi-izzatillahi wa qudratihi wa min shar-ri ma ajidu wa uhadhir.
I seek refuge in the honour and power of Alláh (SWT), from the mischief of the pain which I feel and fear. (Muslim)
Note: Place the right hand on the affected area and recite Bismilláh thrice, thereafter recite the above-mentioned duá seven times.

Dua when something pleasing occurs
Al-hamdu lillâhil-ladhi bi’ni-matihi tatimmus sâlihât.
All praises are for Allah, by whose grace all good things are completed (Hakim) 276

Dua when visiting the ill muslim
La ba’sa tahürun inshâ allah.
No need to worry. It (this illness) is a means of cleansing from sins, if Allâh wills. (Bukhari)

Dua when visiting the cemetery
As-salâmu alaykum ahlad-diyyari minal-mu’minina wa muslimina, wa inna inshâ allâhu bikum lala-hiquna, as’alullâha lana walakumul-afiyah.
Peace be upon you, O dwellers of this place – Believers and Muslims. Verily when Allah, wills, we will join you. I ask Allah for our and your safely. (Muslim)

Dua for any and every disease
Allâhumma rabban-nâsi adhhibil-ba’sa washfi antash-shâfi lâ shifâ-a illâ shifâ’uka, shifâ-an lâ yughadiru saqamn.
O Allah, Lord of the people, remove all harm, give cure, for you are the one who cures. There is no curing except Your curing – a curing that leaves no illness (Bukhari)

Dua to say to a newly-wed couple
Bârakalláhu lak, wa bâraka alayk, wa jamaa baynakumâ fi khayr.
Maji Allah bless you and shower his blessings on you and bring you together in goodness.(Tirmidhi)

Dua to recite at the first meeting with the bride
Allãhumma inni as’aluka khayraha wa khayra ma jabaltahâ alayh, wa a-udhu bika min sharrihâ wa sharri mâ jabaltahâ alayhi.
O Allah, I seek of You the goodness in her and the good nature upon which You created her and I beg Your protection from the mischief in her and the mischievous nature upon which You created her. (Malik)

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