Etiquette in Ibadat Part 1

Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 6-Etiquette and Manners, Reformation of the Heart, Deeds and their Retribution / Friday, December 3rd, 2010

Wudû and Purity
1. Perform your wudû in a proper manner even if you do not feel like doing so.
2. There is greater reward in performing a fresh wudû.
3. When relieving yourself, do not face the qiblah nor turn your back towards the qiblah.
4. You must be cautious with regard to urine splashing on you. By being unmindful in this regard, one is punished in the grave.
5. Do not urinate in a hole as there is the possibility of a snake, scorpion or any other dangerous animal emerging from it.
6. Do not urinate in the place where you have a bath.
7. Do not engage in any conversation when relieving yourself.
8. When you wake up, do not insert your hand in a utensil containing water until you have thoroughly washed your hands.
9. Do not use water that has been warmed in the sun as there is the possibility of being infected with white liver whereby the body is tainted with white marks.

1. Offer your salât at the appropriate time. Carry out the rukus and sajdahs in the proper manner and offer your salât with concentration.
2. When a child reaches the age of seven, emphasize the importance of salât to him. When he reaches the age of ten, beat him if necessary, in order to get him to offer his salât.
3. It is not good to offer salât in such clothes or at such a place whereby you become distracted and begin to concentrate on the flowers and leaves that are depicted on such clothes or at such a place (e.g. prayer mats – musallas – on which such designs are depicted).
4. There should be a barrier in front of the person offering salât. If there isn’t anything, a stick should be placed or any other raised object should be placed. Such an object should be placed to the right or left of the person offering salât.
5. On completing the fard salât, it is preferable to move away from that place and offer the sunnah, nafl salât.
6. While offering salât, do not look around you nor upwards. As far as possible, prevent yourself from sneezing.
7. When you have an urgent need to relieve yourself, go and relieve yourself first and then offer your salât.
8. When commencing with nafl salâat or the different forms of dhikr, commence with an amount which you can undertake and keep up with. (Do not commence with something that is beyond your capacity).

Zakât and Charity
1. As far as possible, give zakât to those who do not go around begging – who remain in their homes out of self-respect and self-honour.
2. Do not be ashamed of giving very little in charity. Give whatever you are able to irrespective of the amount.
3. Do not think: “What is the need of giving zakât or charity?” Whenever the occasion arises, make a resolution and give in charity.
4. By giving charity to your relatives, you receive a double reward – one for giving in charity, and another for being kind and considerate toward your relatives.
5. Always bear in mind your poor neighbours.
6. Do not spend too much in charity from your husband’s wealth to the extent that he is displeased.

1. It is extremely detestable to engage in foolish and shameless conversations while fasting. It is even more detestable to make ghîbah.
2. When intending to keep a nafl fast, seek the husband’s permission if he is present at home.
3. Increase your ‘ibâdah in the last ten days of Ramadân.

Recitation of the Quran
1. If you are not fluent in your recitation of the Quran, do not abandon its recitation out of despair. Continue with your recitation. Such a person is rewarded twofold.
2. When you have learnt the Quran, do not forget it. Instead, continue reciting it. If not, you will be committing a major sin.
3. Recite the Quran with full concentration and with fear for Allah.

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