Determination of a Surah (for recitation in a Salaah)

Hadith & Seerah, The Teachings of the Holy Prophet, The Ways of the Prophet (SAWS) / Saturday, May 22nd, 2010

In Hujjatullah-al Baligha, Hadrat Shah Waliullah (May ALLAH bless him) has stated as follows: The Messenger of ALLAH chose to recite a particular sürah in a particular Salaah on certain conditions and expediencies but neither fixed them positively nor enjoined on others to do so. As such if any one follows his sunnah (and recite the same surah in the Salaah) it is in order, and if one does not do so, it does not matter. [Ma’rif -ul- Hadis]

The Messenger of ALLAH (SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) did not recite a particular Surah in a particular Salaah after having specified it for that Salaah excepting Jum’ah Salaah and Eidain Salaah. In the fard Salaah, there is no surah, long or short, which he should not have recited at one occasion or the other. In the nafl Salaah, he recited two surahs one after the other but did not do so in fard Salaah. Normally, his first rak’ah used to be longer than the second one. After recitation of Holy QURAAN, he would pause for a moment, then would say takbeer and bow for ruku. [Zad -ul- Ma’ad]

Hadrat Sulaiman bin Yasar, a Tabi’ (one who conversed with the companions of the Prophet) narrated on the authority of Hadrat Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) that (Pet-form to one of the Imams in his days) said: “I have never said Salaah behind any Imam whose Salaah had a greater resemblance to the Prophet’s Salaah then that man’s” Hadrat Sulaiman bin Yasir says that he also had occasionally offered Salaah under his leadership (lmãmate) and it was usual with him to stand longer in the first two rak’ahs than the last two. Asr Salaah was generally short and he used to recite Qisar Mufassal in Maghrib Salaah, Ausat Mufassal in lsha Salaah and Tiwal Mufassal in Fajr Salaah. [Sunan Nasai]

Note: The Surahs falling in the last Manzil (specified portion of the Holy QURAAN) are termed Mufassal i.e. from Surah al-Hujurat (XLIX) to the end of the Holy QURAAN. Then again this portion has been divided in three parts – From al-Hujurat (XLIX) to Surah al-Buruj (LXXXV) are called Tiwal Mufassal, from surah al-Buruj (LXXXV) to the end of surah alBaiyinah (XC VIII) are called Ausat Mufassal and from Surah al-Baiyinah (XCVIII) to the end Qisar Mufassal. [Ma’rif -ul- Hadis]

If in the first rak’ahs of the Salaah (salat) only a portion from a surah is recited and the remaining portion is recited in the following rakah, this is in order without undesirability. Similarly, if in the first rakah, the middle or first portion of the surah is recited and the following rakah, the middle or first portion of a surah is recited or a full short surah is recited, then this is in order without the least undesirability. [Sagr]

But to do so as a regular measure is against the established practice. It is better if an independent surah is recited in every rakah. [Bihishti Zewar]

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