Concise and foremost counsels Part 1

Hadith & Seerah, The Teachings of the Holy Prophet, The Ways of the Prophet (SAWS) / Monday, February 1st, 2010

Hadrat Abü Hurairah (Radi Allaahu Ta’ala Anhu) narrated that the Messenger by ALLAH said, “My Lord has specially given me the following nine commandments:

1. Fear ALLAH in private and public:

2. Speak what is just and equitable whether in anger or in agreeable (mood) (i.e. it should not be like this that, when you are cross with someone and are enraged with him, then you usurp his rights and do injustice to him and when you are on friendly and good terms with someone, then you favour him and help unduly, but whatever the case may be, the middlecourse of fairplay and equity should be followed:

3. Stick to moderation in poverty and indigence as well as in riches and wealth i.e. when ALLAH, the Exalted involves you in poverty then you should not express impatience and perturbation. At the same time, when, He favours you with enough and to spare then he should not forget the fact of the matter and be involved in pride and head strongness. In substance, in both these conditions of trial one should refrain from going to the extremes:

4. I should establish relationship with the kinsmen and fulfil their obligations who break the relationship with me and misbehave with me:

5. I should give them also who might have deprived me of my rights:

6 I should forgive them who might have oppressed me:

7. In my silence there should be meditation i.e. when I am silent I should ponder over matters deserving serious consideration e.g., Attributes of ALLAH, the Exalted and his signs—i.e., what is ALLAH, the Exalted’s relationship with me? What is His commandment for me? What is my attitude towards Him and His commandments and what should it be? And what is going to be my end? And, for example, how should these servants of ALLAH, the Exalted, who are indifferent towards Him be connected with ALLAH. In substance in silence there should be meditation of this nature.

8. My conversation should be Zikr i.e., whenever I have to speak and whatever I speak, it should be about ALLAH. It may either be praise and hymn of ALLAH or educating and preaching of his commandments, or of the nature that it should have regard and care for the commandments and punishments of ALLAH. In all these cases, whatever be the conversation, it will be of the nature of (Zikr) and

9. My observation should be one for learning a lesson (i.e. on whatever thing I cast a glance, it should be with the intention of learning a moral and a lesson) and exhort people to do what is reputable.” [Ma’arif -uI- Hadis Razn]

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