SCRIPTS OF JABIR


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

Jabir ibn Abdullah is one of the famous companions of the Holy Prophet (SAWS) who has narrated a large number of Ahadith. It is established that he had compiled the Ahadith in two scripts. One of them contained a detailed account of the last Hajj performed by the Holy Prophet (SAWS). The full text of this script is found in the Sahih of Muslim wherein he has described even the minute details of the last Hajj.

His second script contained other Ahadith relating to different subjects.

Qatadah the famous pupil of Jabir says:

August 27, 2008

THE SCRIPT OF ALI


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

It is well known that Sayyiduna ‘Ali (RA) had a script of Ahadith with him. He says,

“I have not written anything from the Holy Prophet (SAWS) except the Holy Quran and what is contained in this script (Bukhari).

Imam Bukhari has mentioned this script at six different places of his Sahih. A combined study of all those places reveals that this script was substantially large and it consisted of Ahadith about Qisas (retaliation), Diyah (blood money), Fidyah(ransom) rights of the non-muslim citizens of an Islamic state, some specific kinds of inheritance, Zakah rules pertaining to camels of different ages, and some rules about the sanctity of the city of Madinah

August 27, 2008

THE SCRIPT OF ANAS


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

Certain Arab tribes who lived in remote areas far from Madinah, after embracing Islam used to send their delegations to the Holy Prophet (SAWS). These delegations used to stay at Madinah for a considerable period during which they would learn the teachings of Islam, read the Holy Quran and listen to the sayings of the Holy Prophet (SAWS).When they returned to their homes, some of them requested the Holy Prophet (SAWS) to dictate some instructions for them and for their tribes. The Holy Prophet (SAWS) used to accept this request and would dictate some directives containing such rules of Shari’ah as they most needed.

August 27, 2008

THE SCRIPT OF ABDULLAH IBN AMR


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah, The Noble Traits of His Character

It has been stated earlier that Abdullah ibn ‘Amr was specifically instructed by Holy Prophet (SAWS) to write Ahadith. He therefore compiled a big script and named it “Al Sahfah al Sadiqah” (The script of Truth). Abdullah ibn ‘Amr was very precautious in preserving this script. Mujahid, one of his favorite pupils says, “I went to Abdullah ibn Amr and took in hand a script placed beneath his cushion. He stopped me. I said, “you never save anything from me.” He replied,

August 27, 2008

THE SCRIPTS OF ABU HURAIRAH


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

It is well-known that Abu Huraira (RA) has narrated more Ahadith than any other companion of the Holy Prophet (SAWS). The number of Ahadith reported by him is said to be 5374. The reason was that he, after embracing Islam, devoted his full life for the sole purpose of bearing and preserving the Ahadith of the Holy Prophet (SAWS). Unlike the other famous companions, he did not employ himself in any economic activity. He used to remain in the Mosque of the Holy Prophet (SAWS) to hear what he said and to witness each event around him. He remained hungry, faced starvation and hardships. Yet, he did not leave the function he had undertaken.

August 27, 2008

WRITTEN DIRECTIVES FOR CERTAIN DELEGATIONS


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

Certain Arab tribes who lived in remote areas far from Madinah, after embracing Islam used to send their delegations to the Holy Prophet (SAWS). These delegations used to stay at Madinah for a considerable period during which they would learn the teachings of Islam, read the Holy Quran and listen to the sayings of the Holy Prophet (SAWS).When they returned to their homes, some of them requested the Holy Prophet (SAWS) to dictate some instructions for them and for their tribes. The Holy Prophet (SAWS) used to accept this request and would dictate some directives containing such rules of Shari’ah as they most needed.

August 27, 2008

WRITTEN DIRECTIVES TO OTHER GOVERNORS


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

Similarly, when the Holy Prophet (SAWS) appointed some of his companions as governors of different provinces he used to dictate to them similar documents as his directives which they could follow in performing their duties as rulers or as judges. When he appointed Abu Huraira and Ala’ibn al Hazrami as his envoy to the Zoroastrians of Hajar, he dictated to them a directive containing certain rules of Shari’ah about Zakah and Ushr (Ibn Saad).

Likewise, when he sent Mu’az ibn Jabal and Malik ibn Murarah to Yemen, he gave them a document dictated by him which contained certain rules of Shari’ah (Ibn Saad).

August 27, 2008

THE SCRIPT OF AMR B. HAZM


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

In 10 A.H. when Najran was conquered by the Muslims, the Holy Prophet (SAWS) appointed his companion ‘Amr ibn Hazm as governor of the province of Yemen. At this time the Holy Prophet (SAWS) dictated a detailed book to Ubayy ibn Ka’b and handed it over to ‘Amr ibn Hazm.

This book, besides some general advices, contained the rules of Shari’ah about purification, Salah, Zakah, Ushr, Hajj, Umrah, Jihad (battle), spoils, taxes, Diyah (blood money), administration, education etc.

August 27, 2008

THE BOOK OF SADAQAH


Chapter 3, Hadith & Seerah, The Authority of Sunnah

1. The Holy Prophet (SAWS) has dictated detailed documents containing rules of Shari’ah about the levy of Zakah, and specifying the quantum and the rate of Zakah in respect of different zakatable assets. This document was named “Kitab al Sadaqah” (The Book of Sadaqah). Abdullah ibn ‘Umar says:

“The Holy Prophet (SAWS) dictated the Book of Sadaqah and was yet to send it to his governors when he passed away. He had attached it to his sword. When he passed away, Abu-Bakr acted according to it till he passed away, then Umar acted according to it till he passed away. It was mentioned in his book that one goat
is leviable on five camels” (Tirmidhi).

August 27, 2008