Umme Ayman radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, History & Biography, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to go and visit her occasionally. Once he went to visit her and she offered him something to drink. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam refused either because he did not feel like drinking anything at that time or because he was fasting. Because of the fact that she had brought up Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam she insisted that he drinks it. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to say that after my real mother, she is my mother. After his demise, Abû Bakr and ‘Umar radiyallâhu ‘anhumâ also used to visit her occasionally. Upon seeing them she used to think of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam and begin to cry. They should also begin crying.

July 11, 2011

Halîmah Sa‘diyyah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, History & Biography, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

This woman breast-fed Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When he waged a jihâd against the city of Tâ’if, she came to him together with her husband and son. He treated her with great respect, laid down his shawl and made her sit on it. All of them accepted Islam.

July 9, 2011

Fâtimah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is the youngest of all the sisters but the highest in status and the most beloved to Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He has referred to her as the piece of his flesh and the leader of all women. He has also stated that if anything causes her sorrow, it causes him sorrow as well. When he fell ill, he whispered into her ear and informed her of the approach of his death. Upon hearing this, she began to cry. He again whispered into her ear and informed her that she should not grieve because she will be the first to join him and she will be the leader of all women in jannah. Upon hearing this, she began smiling. Although all his wives begged her to tell them what he had told her, she did not do so until after his demise. She married ‘Alî radiyallâhu ‘anhu. Many other virtues concerning her have been mentioned in the Hadîth.

April 26, 2011

Umme Kulthûm radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also the daughter of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Her first marriage was with ‘Utaybah who was also a son of Abû Lahab. Before she could even go and live with this husband, Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam received prophethood. The father and son had not accepted Islam and the former ordered his son to leave her as well. When her sister, Ruqayyah, passed away, she married ‘Uthmân. When Ruqayyah had passed away, co-incidentally, Hafsah had also become a widow. ‘Umar radiyallâhu ‘anhu (the father of Hafsah) wanted to get her married to ‘Uthmân radiyallâhu ‘anhu. However, the latter did not show any interest. When Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam heard of this, he said to ‘Umar radiyallâhu ‘anhu: “I will show you a husband for Hafsah who is better than ‘Uthmân, and for ‘Uthmân a wife that is better than Hafsah.” Based on this, Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam married Hafsah, and got ‘Uthmân married to ’Umme Kulthûm.

April 24, 2011

Ruqayyah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also the daughter of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam Her first marriage was with ‘Utbah, the son of the kâfir Abû Lahab. Abû Lahab has been mentioned in the Quran in Sûrah al-Masad (the 111th sûrah of the Quran). The father and son did not accept Islam and the former therefore ordered his son to leave her. Upon this, Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam performed her nikâh with ‘Uthmân radiyallâhu ‘anhu. When Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam prepared to leave for the battle of Badr, she was sick at that time. Because of this, he asked ‘Uthmân radiyallâhu ‘anhu to remain behind and tend to her and informed him that he will receive the same reward as those engaged in jihâd and that he will also receive a share of the booty. She passed away on the very day the Muslims vanquished the disbelievers and returned to Madinah.

April 22, 2011

Zaynab radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is the daughter of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He loved her very much. She was married to ’Abû al-‘Âs bin ar-Rabî’ radiyallâhu ‘anhu. When she accepted Islam and her husband refused to do so, she severed relations with him and migrated to Madinah. A few days later, her husband also followed her to Madinah and accepted Islam.

April 20, 2011

Safiyyah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also the wife of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam A battle took place between the Muslims and the Jews at a place called Khaybar. She was brought as a prisoner after this battle. She fell in the booty of one of the Sahâbah. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam paid for her freedom and married her thereafter. She is from the progeny of Hârûn ‘alayhis salâm. She possessed many forbearing and intelligent qualities. Her forbearance can be gauged from an incident: her slave-girl concocted two lies and informed ‘Umar radiyallâhu ‘anhu of them. One of these lies was that she (Safiyyah) still has a special attachment for Saturday. This day is a very sacred day of the week for the Jews. In other words, despite her accepting Islam, traces of her previous religion were still found in her. If this has to be looked at from another angle, she is not a complete Muslim. The second lie was that she gives and takes a lot from the Jews. When ‘Umar radiyallâhu ‘anhu went and asked her about this, she replied: “The first thing that she said is absolutely false. Ever since I accepted Islam and Allah has blessed me with Friday, my heart has become totally detached from Saturday. The second thing which she said is true. The reason for this is that they (the Jews) are my relatives and it is not against the Sharî‘ah for one to maintain good relations with one’s relatives.” She then asked the slave-girl: “Who asked you to concoct lies?” She replied: “Satan.” Upon this, she replied: “You can go now, I have freed you.” Her first husband’s name was Kanânah bin Abil Haqîq.

April 5, 2011

Maymûnah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also the wife of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. A great scholar of Hadîth relates that her nikâh with Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam took place in the following manner: She came to him and said: “I am gifting my life to you.” In other words, I am prepared to enter into a marriage with you without even any mahr. He accepted this. Marrying in this manner (i.e. without any mahr) was permissible only for Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. A great mufassir relates that the verse which mentions a marriage of this nature was first revealed for this woman. Her first husband’s name was Huwaytib.

April 4, 2011

Juwayriyah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also the wife of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. She was brought as a prisoner after a war with the kuffâr in a battle popularly know as Bani Mustaliq. She had fallen in the share of a Sahâbi by the name of Thâbit bin Qays or his cousin. She said to her master: “I will give you a certain amount of money and you must free me.” He agreed to this so she went to Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam and asked him to help her with some money. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam felt sorry for her after seeing her piety and poverty. He said to her: “If you agree, I will pay for your entire freedom and take you into my marriage.” She readily accepted this offer and the nikâh took place. When the people heard about this marriage, especially all the prisoners that belonged to her tribe who were under the Muslims, then most of these Muslims freed these slaves saying that now that they have a relationship with Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam because of this marriage, it is disrespectful to keep them as slaves. ‘Â’ishah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ is reported to have said: “We do not know of any woman who has been of so much benefit to her tribe (or family).” Her previous husband’s name was Musâfi’ bin Safwân.

April 3, 2011

Umme Habîbah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 7 - Lives of Pious Women and Characteristics of Women, Women & Family

She is also the wife of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. When the kuffâr of Makkah began oppressing the Muslims profusely, and the latter were not ordered to go to Madînah as yet, many Muslims went to Abyssinia. The king of Abyssinia who was known as Najâshi was a Christian. However, after the arrival of Muslims, he became a Muslim. Umme Habîbah radiyallâhu ‘anhâ was also among the Muslims who had come to Abyssinia. Najâshi sent a person by the name of Abrahah to her informing her that he is sending a proposal to her on behalf of Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam. She accepted the proposal. Najâshi also sent some gifts with Abrahah, which comprised of two silver bracelets and a few rings. Her first husband was ‘Ubaydullah bin Jahsh.

April 2, 2011