Sep
26
2008
3

MASAAIL (RULES) PERTAINING TO I’TIKAF

(1) The same rules which apply to a man observing I’tikaf in the Musjid, apply to a woman observing I’tikaf in her place of seclusion at home.

(2) When necessity, e.g. Juma’h Salat in another Musjid, compels the Mu’takif to leave his Musjid, it will be permissible for him to enquire about a sick person or generally engage in good conversation without departing from the road. He must not unnecessarily stop on the road.

(3) During I’tikaf it is not permissible to leave the Musjid for even a Sunnat ghusl.

Sep
26
2008
0

WHAT TO DO DURING I’TIKAF

The Mu’takif should engage himself in lbadat to the best of his ability. Nafl Salat, Tilawat, Durood, Istighfar and permanent Thikr in general should be the Mu’takifs occupations throughout the duration of his I’tikaf.

When the Mu’takif speaks, he must speak only what is virtue or what is necessary.

The Mutakif should not do anything which conflicts with the spirit of I’tikaf. He should guard his heart, mind, ears, eyes and limbs against all evil, thus deriving maximum benefit from his seclusion in the Musjid.

The Mu’takif is the guest of Allah. He should, therefore, be careful of his behaviour in the House of Allah.

Sep
26
2008
0

THE MAKRUHAT OR THE THINGS WHICH ARE DETESTABLE AND NOT PERMISSIBLE FOR THE MU’TAKIF

The Makruhat during I’tikaf are as follows:

(1) To maintain total silence.

(2) To Indulge In idle talk.

(3) To sleep excessively merely to wile away the time.

(4) To unnecessarily pass wind inside the Musjid.

(5) To sew garments or engage in any occupation for a fee.

(6) To read books and magazines which are not of a Deeni nature.

(7) To erect the mu’takaf in a way which inconveniences the Musallees. (Mu’takaf is the area which is enclosed for the sleeping and eating of the one who observes I’tikaf).

Sep
23
2008
0

THE MUBAHAT OR THE THINGS WHICH ARE PERMISSIBLE DURING I’TIKAF

During I’tikaf, the following acts are mubah (permissible):

(1) To eat and drink.

(2) To sleep.

(3) Necessary conversation.

(4) To change clothes and apply perfume and oil.

(5) To cut hair and nails. These should not be allowed to fall in the Musjid.

(6) To walk inside the Musjid.

(7) To sit anywhere inside the Musjid.

(8) To tend to a sick person inside the Musjid.

(9) If necessary, to buy and sell goods provided that the goods are not brought Into the Musjid nor is payment made inside the Musjid.

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Sep
23
2008
0

THE MUFSIDAT OR THE THINGS WHICH INVALIDATE (BREAK) THE I’TIKAF

Only Wajib and Masnoon I’tikaf are rendered invalid. Nafl I’tikaf is not rendered void by any act. It is merely ended by engaging in an act which is not permitted for the Mu’takif.

Unnecessarily leaving the Musjid for even a minute whether intentionally, unintentionally or under compulsion, will invalidate the I’tikaf. All acts and reasons besides the valid reasons (see page 35,36) will be regarded as ‘unnecessary’ in the context of I’tikaf. Thus, leaving the Musjid due to illness, although permissible, will invalidate the I’tikaf. To leave the Musjid for Jannazah Salat, visiting the sick or for an other permissible activity besides the VALID REASONS (see page 36,37), will render the I’tikaf null and void.

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Sep
23
2008
0

VALID REASONS FOR LEAVING THE MUSJID AND WHICH WILL NOT BREAK THE I’TIKAF

It is permissible to leave the Musjid for the following acts of need:

(1) To answer the call of nature – to go to the toilet.

(2) To pass wind.

(3) To take an obligatory bath.

(4) To make wudhu.

(5) Juma’h Salat, if Juma’h Salat is not performed in the Musjid where the I’tikaf is being observed. In this case the Mu’takif should leave the Musjid at such a time to enable him to reach the other Musjid in time to perform his Sunnat Salat. He should leave immediately after having completed the six raka’ts Sunnats after the Fardh Salat. He should not delay for Dua and Thikr.

Sep
22
2008
0

THE VENUE FOR I’TIKAF

(1) For men, I’tikaf is valid in only a Musjid in which Athan and Iqamah are proclaimed for the five daily Salat. In otherwords it has to be a Musjid in which the five daily Salat are performed with Jama’t.

(2) Females can observe I’tikaf in a place in their homes, set aside for Salat or specially cordoned off for the purpose of I’tikaf.

(3) It is not permissible for women to come to the Musjid to observe I’tikaf or to perform Salat or to listen to lectures.

Sep
22
2008
0

SUNNATUL MUAK-KADAH ITIKAF

I’tikaf of the last ten days of Ramadhan is the only Masnoon I’tikaf. This Masnoon I’tikaf is Sunnatul Muak-kadah alal Kifayah. If a few or even just one person observes this I’tikaf in a particular area/neighbourhood, the duty will be discharged on behalf of the entire community of that locality. On the otherhand, if no one observes this I’tikaf, the whole community will be guilty of neglecting a Sunnatul Muakkadah obligation. Such neglect is sinful.

(1) The Mu’takif (the one who observes I’tikaf will enter the Musjid before sunset of the 20th day of Ramadhan.

Sep
22
2008
0

QADHA OF I’TIKAF

(1) Qadha will be made of Nathr and Masnoon I’tikaf. There is no qadha for Nafl I’tikaf.

(2) Qadha of Nathr Muayyan I’tikaf will be made if the I’tikaf was not observed on its specific days or if it was rendered void while observing it.

(3) Masnoon I’tikaf (i.e. the I’tikaf of the last ten days of Ramadhan) will be made qadha if it was rendered void after having commenced it. It is necessary to make qadha of only the day or days which were rendered void. When making qadha of the Rika-f, Saum (fasting) is obligatory. qadha of the ITIKAF will be valid only if fasting is also observed on the day/ s when the qadha-a is being made.

Written by Hassan Sulaiman in: Fiqh,Kitaab us Saum | Tags: , , , ,
Sep
14
2008
0

QADHA OF I’TIKAF

(1) Qadha will be made of Nathr and Masnoon I’tikaf. There is no qadha for Nafl I’tikaf.

(2) Qadha of Nathr Muayyan I’tikaf will be made if the I’tikaf was not observed on its specific days or if it was rendered void while observing it.

(3) Masnoon I’tikaf (i.e. the I’tikaf of the last ten days of Ramadhan) will be made qadha if it was rendered void after having commenced it. It is necessary to make qadha of only the day or days which were rendered void. When making qadha of the Rika-f, Saum (fasting) is obligatory. qadha of the ITIKAF will be valid only if fasting is also observed on the day/ s when the qadha-a is being made.

Written by Hassan Sulaiman in: Fiqh,Kitaab us Saum | Tags: , , , ,

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