The Sahaaba and the Taabi’een have practically illustrated that it is permissible to undertake a journey to visit the sacred tomb of Rasulullah Sal’am in Madina.
Hazrat Abu Huraira R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am said: “It is not permissible that a journey should be undertaken towards any mosque except one of the following three: the Masjid-ul-Haraam, Masjid-ul-Aqsaa and this Masjid of mine.” (Mishkaat)
Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am said: ‘when a person stands at my grave reciting blessings on me, I hear it; and whoever calls for blessings on me in any other place, his every need in this world and in the hereafter becomes fulfilled. And on the day of Qiyaamat I shall be his witness and intercession.’ (Bayhaqi)
It is reported that when a person stands at the grave of Rasulullah Sal’am and recites the verse:
Innallaha wa Malaa-Ikatahoo you Salloona Alan Nabee, and then says seventy times: Sallallahu Alayka ya Muhammad, an angel says: ‘May Allah’s blessings be on you too, and then Allah fulfills his every need.’
Hazrat Abu Huraira R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am said: ‘whenever anyone greets me at my grave, Allah returns my soul to my body so that I reply his greetings.’
In ‘Sharh-e-Manaasik’, Hazrat Ibn Hajar Rah writes that the meaning of the return of the soul is that Allah grants him the ability to speak. Hazrat Qazi Iyaaz Rah writes that the soul of the Nabi remains absorbed in the presence of Allah and on being greeted inclines towards the greeting. (Baz1) The majority of ulama are of the opinion (as Ibn Hajar, Allama Zurqani) that the meaning of the return of the soul is not that a body without a soul has now been given one. Being after the death of the Rasool Sal’am the soul had already returned once and for all. Hence what actually now happens is that the Nabi Sal’am returns the greetings.
Hazrat Abbaas R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am said: ‘ Who ever performs his Haj in Mecca, then comes to Madina with the sole aim of visiting me in my mosque, for him shall be written the rewards of two accepted Hajs.’ (Dailami-Ithaaf)
Two Hajs here means the reward for his Haj will be double.
Hazrat Anass R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am said: ‘who ever visits me in Madina with the object of gaining spiritual reward, shall be in my company and for him shall I be an intercessor on the day of Qiyaamat.’
We have already mentioned the contents of this Hadith under Hadith number four. Some people read the word ‘Jawaari’ with a dhamma, so that it now means that visitors to Nabi Sal’am shall be in his security; promise of safety and protection. What greater fortune can there be then this?’
Hazrat Anas R.A. reports that Rasulullah Sal’am left Mecca in such a Manner that everything in Mecca became enveloped in darkness; and when he entered Madina everything became enlightened and he said: ‘My home shall be in Madina and there shall be my grave. It is a duty upon every Muslim to visit Madina.’
Undoubtedly it is a duty on every Muslim to visit that Holy place. How fortunate indeed is that person who has the great honor to reside in Madina permanently; that at all times he is able to gain this great blessing of Ziyaarat and to perform this duty to his heart delight.
Hazrat Ibn Umar R.A. relates that Rasulullah Sal’am said: ‘Whosoever performs Haj and does not come to visit me, has indeed acted unjustly and persecuted me.’
This seems like a strict warning. And why not? The great favors which Rasool Sal’am had bestowed on this Ummat are of such a nature that a person who neglects to visit him or negligently fails to do so in spite of having the means to do so, has treated him shabbily. Had it not been for the fact that some ulama of hadith had objected to the correctness and authenticity of this Hadith, Ziyaarat would have been waajib. Allama Qastalani wrote in his book ‘Mawa-Hibul-Ladun niyya’: ‘Who ever in spite of wealth and means does not perform Ziyaarat has indeed acted unjustly.’
It is related by a person from the family of Khattab that Rasulullah Sal’am said; “Who ever undertakes a journey specially to visit my grave, will be my neighbor on the day of Qiyaamat; and who ever lives in Madina Munawwarah and bears with patience its hardships and trial, for him will I be a witness and intercessor on the day of Qiyaamat; and, who ever dies in either of the Haramain (Mecca or Madina) will be raised on the day of Qiyaamat with those who have been granted safety.”