Aug
17
2008
0

Can Ijtehad be absolute?

What we said above was about the principles in this regard. The recommendation of the committee that has come before us is that a Board of the Ulema (The Religious scholars) be formed to carry out Ijtehad and present their opinions on new problems. In this connection, I may be allowed to point out an important Islamic practice. The history of fourteen hundred years of Islam reminds us that, Islam never formed a supreme authoritative institution
or clergy, an institution whose opinion should be the last word depriving everyone the right of criticism as is the case with Christianity. It is in Christianity that Pope is regarded as beyond all errors and infallible to
everything.

Aug
17
2008
0

Doors to Ijtehad are closed?

Sometimes, however, “Ijtehad” is not taken as a freedom of opinion to prevail over the Quran and tradition, but whenever the process of “Ijtehad” is discussed an impression is given that the Quran and traditions have been revealed to us for the first time and no work has been done in the field of interpretation and explanation for all these fourteen hundred years and that the meanings deduced by us through personal reasoning shall be “Ijtehad”
that must be implemented.

Aug
17
2008
1

IJTEHAD

(Note: In the year 1404 A.H a convention of Ulema (Religious scholars) was held in Islamabad under the
auspices of the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Pakistan. In the open session of this convention the president of Pakistan, Gen. Zia ul Haq, was also present. One of the topics of this convention was “How to start the process of Ijtehad in the country?” The extempore speech of the Editor of Al-Balagh given on this occasion has now been published in a booklet by transcribing it from the Tape-recorded speech which is reproduced below.)

Mr. President, distinguished audience, As-salam-oAlaikum.

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