Aug
17
2008
0

Answer (Aggressive and Defensive Jihad)

Respected Sir,

Asslam-o-Alaikum wa Rahmatullah-wa- Barakatuhu.

I am in receipt of your esteemed letter. Whatever you have written about Jihad can be summarized as this “If a non-Muslim state allows for preaching Islam in its country, Jihad against it does not remain lawful.” If this is what you mean, my humble self does not agree with it. Obstruction in the way of preaching Islam does not mean only a legal obstacle, but greater power or domination of a non-Muslim state against Muslims is by itself a great obstacle in the propagation of Islam. There are no legal restrictions in most of the countries today on preaching Islam, but since their grandeur and authority is established in the world, it has led to developing a universal feeling which forms a greater obstacle than the greatest legal binding in the way of free propagation of Islam.

Aug
17
2008
0

Question (Aggressive or Defensive Jihad)

Respected
Moulana Muhammad Taqi Usmani Sahib,

Assalam-o-Alaikum wa Ralunatullah-wa Barakatuhu.

My humble self had recently had a chance to read some older editions of your esteemed journal “Al-Balagh”. In the issue of March 1971, I found the following suggestions under clauses 17, 18 on page 10.

(17) Compromising relations and amicable treatment could be established with such non-Muslim states as may not be hostile to Islam and Muslims.

(18) Agreements made with other countries shall be honored if they are permissible under Islamic Law, otherwise such agreements will be declared dissolved.

Aug
17
2008
0

Can Ijtehad be absolute?

What we said above was about the principles in this regard. The recommendation of the committee that has come before us is that a Board of the Ulema (The Religious scholars) be formed to carry out Ijtehad and present their opinions on new problems. In this connection, I may be allowed to point out an important Islamic practice. The history of fourteen hundred years of Islam reminds us that, Islam never formed a supreme authoritative institution
or clergy, an institution whose opinion should be the last word depriving everyone the right of criticism as is the case with Christianity. It is in Christianity that Pope is regarded as beyond all errors and infallible to
everything.

Aug
17
2008
0

Doors to Ijtehad are closed?

Sometimes, however, “Ijtehad” is not taken as a freedom of opinion to prevail over the Quran and tradition, but whenever the process of “Ijtehad” is discussed an impression is given that the Quran and traditions have been revealed to us for the first time and no work has been done in the field of interpretation and explanation for all these fourteen hundred years and that the meanings deduced by us through personal reasoning shall be “Ijtehad”
that must be implemented.

Aug
17
2008
1

IJTEHAD

(Note: In the year 1404 A.H a convention of Ulema (Religious scholars) was held in Islamabad under the
auspices of the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Pakistan. In the open session of this convention the president of Pakistan, Gen. Zia ul Haq, was also present. One of the topics of this convention was “How to start the process of Ijtehad in the country?” The extempore speech of the Editor of Al-Balagh given on this occasion has now been published in a booklet by transcribing it from the Tape-recorded speech which is reproduced below.)

Mr. President, distinguished audience, As-salam-oAlaikum.

Aug
17
2008
0

How to Conquer the Universe

However, it must be remembered that the concept of conquering the universe as presented by Islam is quite different from the materialistic concept of the West. The West has also undertaken the task of conquering it, and indeed in the last few years they have attained extraordinary successes in this field. But the first and fundamental difference of Islam with the West is that their restricted material visualization of things has deprived them of seeing the vast world beyond matter. Hence whatever new inventions are made by them are regarded as the fruits of their own power, intellect and labor. They do not perceive the active hand of the Creator or Master behind these discoveries. But the vision of Islam sees things beyond the investigations, experiments and discoveries and it observes the supreme power of creation of Allah behind them. Allah has subjugated the entire universe for
mankind on one hand, and on the other hand He has bestowed man with the intellect, wisdom, power and energy through which he has been able to dominate the forces of this universe. Hence the teaching of Islam is that after the success gained in the process of subjugation of universe he should kneel down before his Creator and Master in humble submission rather than be proud and arrogant. It is Allah who awarded him with the honor of ruling over the entire universe. According to the Quranic teaching the call of a true Muslim on such occasions is:

Aug
17
2008
0

Universe has been created for Man’s service

The Holy Quran has expounded the fact in many places that the entire universe has been created for mankind and every particle has been placed for the service of human beings. It stated:

“He is (Allah) Who created for you all that is in the earth.” (2:29)

“And He (Allah) has subjugated to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, altogether from Him. Surely in that are signs for a people who reflect.” (45:13)

Aug
17
2008
0

Science & Priorities

The question arises can it be the act of anyone having the slightest compassion for mankind to spend billion and trillions of rupees in a space journey in a world where people are massacred by hunger and poverty, where millions of people are begging for a loaf of bread, where countless people die for not being able to get the medicines required for their ailment, where about half the population remain deprived of education facilities? In America itself which has the “honor” of performing the “great achievement” a report was published in the same month in which one trillion and twenty billion rupees were spent on Apollo-8, that one out of every nine persons is destitute, and that:

Aug
17
2008
0

Is Science contradictory to Quran?

There is a group of simple people who think that all these attempts to conquer moon and space are contradictory
to the views of the Quran and the tradition and (God forbid) they are a challenge to the authority of God. So much so that, some people have been heard saying, purely out of love for Islam, that all the news about landing on the moon are fictions and they cannot be relied upon. But the fact is that if the scientists of America or Russia
or any other country reach the moon or mars or any other planet, it does not in any way clash with the Quran and the traditions, nor does it affect the supreme authority of God. There is not a single verse of the Quran or narration of the Prophet which denies the ascent of man to moon or Mars or any other planet.

Aug
17
2008
0

THE CONQUEROR OF SPACE

In the last few years the historical achievements attained by American scientists in the field of space technology,
particularly the incident of man’s landing on the moon, has attracted the attention of the entire world. Undoubtedly, the amazing journey of Apollos in to space has presented a wonderful exposure of human intellect. The success achieved by them is extremely valuable and a historical marvel from the scientific point of view. They have indeed demonstrated the highest accuracy of mathematical calculations and technological implementation of the scientific ideas. They are able to make prediction of extraordinary circumstances.

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