Ahadith on the Virtues and Importance of Jama’at


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 2-Salat and its virtues / Sunday, August 31st, 2008

1. Ibn Umar radiallahu anhu narrates from Rasulullah
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the virtue of offering salaat with jama’at as
being 27 times more rewarding than offering it alone.

2. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said: “It is better to offer salaat
with another person than to offer it alone. And it is even better to offer it
with two people. And the bigger the jama’at, the more beloved it is in the sight
of Allah.”

3. Anas bin Maalik radiallahu anhu narrates that the Banu Salimah who used to
live quite far from the Musjid un-Nabawi decided to shift from their original
place and come and settle down somewhere near Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam. On hearing about this, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked them
saying: “What! Don’t you regard your footsteps which touch the ground as being
worthy of reward?” From this we can deduce that the further one lives from the
musjid, and still comes walking to it, the more reward he will receive.

4. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said: “Whatever time that is spent
waiting for salaat will be regarded as though the person was actually in
salaat.”

5. One night Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam addressed those companions
of his who were present for the esha jama’at saying: “People are offering their
salaat and going away to sleep, while whatever time you are spending in waiting
for salaat is being calculated as if you are already in salaat.”

6. Buraydah Aslami radiallahu anhu narrates that once Rasulullah sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam said: “Glad tidings to those who go to the musjids in the dark
of the night in order to attend the jama’at, that they will be bestowed with
full light on the day of resurrection.”

7. Uthmaan radiallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
said: “The person who offers esha salaat with jama’at will get the reward of
spending half the night in ibaadah. And the one who offers the esha and fajr
salaats with jama’at will get the reward of spending the whole night in
ibaadah.”

8. Abu Hurayrah radiallahu anhu reports that once Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi
wa sallam said: “It crossed my mind that I order someone to gather some
firewood, thereafter the adhaan be called out and I order someone to perform the
salaat while I go to the houses of those people who do not attend the jama’at
and I set fire to their houses.”

9. Another narration reads as follows: “Were it not for the little children and
women, I would have occupied myself with the esha salaat and ordered the
servants to go to the houses and set them alight together with them and their
possessions.” (Muslim)

The wisdom behind mentioning esha salaat is that it is the time for sleeping and
generally most of the people are at home at that time. After quoting this
Hadith, Imam Tirmidhi rahmatullahi alayh says that a similar Hadith has been
narrated by Ibn Mas’ud, Abu Darda, Ibn Abbas, and Jaabir radiallahu anhum. All
these people were among the respected companions of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi
wa sallam.

10. Abu Darda radiallahu anhu reports that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam said: “Even if there are only three persons in a particular locality or
jungle and they do not offer salaat with jama’at, then shaytaan will most
certainly overpower them. O Abu Darda! Regard jama’at as being incumbent upon
you. Remember, the wolves attack that sheep which has strayed away from the main
flock.”

11. Ibn Abbas radiallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam said: “The person who hears the adhaan and still does not attend the
jama’at without any valid excuse, then the salaat which he offers alone is not
accepted.” The Sahabah asked as to what that excuse was, upon which Rasulullah
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam replied that it was fear or sickness. In this Hadith
fear and sickness have not been explained. In other Ahadith some explanation of
fear and sickness has been given.

12. Mihjan radiallahu anhu narrates: “Once I was with Rasulullah sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam when we heard the adhaan. Rasulullah sallallhu alayhi wa sallam
commenced with his salaat while I went and sat down in my place. After
completing his salaat, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked me: “O
Mihjan! Why didn’t you offer your salaat with jama’at? Are you not a Muslim?” I
replied saying: “O Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam! I am indeed a Muslim,
but I had already offered my salaat at home.” Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam said: “When you come to the musjid and see that the jama’at has
commenced, join the people and offer your salaat even if you have already
offered your salaat.”

Ponder over this Hadith and see how Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
reprimanded his selected companion, Mihjan radiallahu anhu, and asked him: “Are
you not a Muslim?”

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