AHADITH concerning the rewards and the punishments for deeds Part 4


Akhlaq & Spirituality, Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 6-Etiquette and Manners, Reformation of the Heart, Deeds and their Retribution / Saturday, December 25th, 2010

Humbling or lowering yourself

76. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The one who humbles himself for the sake of Allah, Allah raises his stages. The one who is proud, Allah breaks his neck.” That is, Allah disgraces him.

Considering yourself to be great

77. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who has pride which is equal to even a mustard seed will not enter jannah.”

Truth and Lies

78. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Always speak the truth because it directs one towards good deeds. Good deeds and truth lead one to jannah. Safeguard yourself from speaking lies because it leads one towards evil deeds. Evil deeds and lies lead one to jahannam.

Hypocrisy

79. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who is two-faced will have two tongues of fire on the day of judgement.”

Being two-faced means to “play according to the tune” of whoever you are with.

Taking of oaths

80. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who takes an oath in the name of anyone other than Allah has committed an act of kufr.” Or he said: “He has committed an act of shirk.”

Some people are in the habit of taking oaths in the following manner: “I swear on your life”, “I swear by my eyes”, “I swear on my children”, etc. All this is prohibited. It is mentioned in a Hadith that if a person mistakenly utters such oaths, he must immediately recite the kalimah.

81. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “If a person takes an oath in the following manner: “May I not have any îmân”; and he is speaking a lie in whatever he is saying then his oath will be fulfilled (i.e. he will be bereft of îmân). And if he is speaking the truth, even then his îmân will not remain complete.”

It is also prohibited to take the following oaths: “May I not be blessed with the kalimah (at the time of death)”, “May I enter into jahannam”, etc. One should abandon this evil habit of taking such oaths.

Removing harmful objects from the road

82. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “There was a person who was walking on a road. He came across a thorny branch in his path, so he removed it from the road. Allah liked this act of his and therefore forgave him.”
We learn from this that it is an evil habit to throw such things on the road. Some women are in the habit of sitting on a stool in the courtyard. When they get up, they leave the stool behind. At times, someone who happens to walk there trips and falls over the stool and thereby injures himself. In the same way, it is an evil habit to leave one’s utensils, a sofa, a stick, a grinding-stone, etc. in the way.

Fulfilling promises and trusts

83. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who has no amânah has no îmân, and the person who does not fulfil his promises has no Dîn.”

Going to pundits, fortune-tellers, palm-readers, etc.

84. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who goes to one who gives information of the unseen and asks him certain things and thereafter believes in what he says, then forty days salât of such a person will not be accepted.”

When someone has control over a jinn, some women go to that person and ask the jinn regarding the unseen. For example, they ask: “When will my husband find employment?” When will my son return home?” These are all sinful acts.

Keeping dogs or pictures

85. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.”
That is, the angels of mercy do not enter such a house. The toys of children which have pictures are also prohibited.

Lying on one’s stomach unnecessarily

86. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam passed by a person lying down on his stomach. So he pointed with his leg and informed him that Allah does not like this posture in lying down.

Sitting or lying partly in the shade and partly in the sun

87. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam prohibited from sitting partly in the shade and partly in the sun.

Ill-omens and spells

88. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Taking ill-omens is shirk.”
89. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Casting of spells is shirk.”

Absence of worldly greed

90. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “When there is no greed for this world, the heart is at peace and the body is also at rest.”
91. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “If two hungry wolves are left in a flock of sheep and they begin devouring and tearing the sheep apart, then the harm that they cause will not be as great as the harm that will be caused to a person who desires wealth and fame.”

Remembrance of death
92. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Remember that thing which cuts off all pleasures, i.e. death.”
93. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “When you wake up in the morning, do not begin planning for the evening. When evening comes, do not begin planning for the morning. Take benefit from your health before sickness overtakes you. And take benefit from your life before death overtakes you.”

This means that you should regard your health and life as being very valuable and occupy yourself in doing good deeds because once sickness or death overtakes you, you will not be able to do any good.

Exercising patience at the time of difficulties

94. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “If any harm, difficulty, sickness, sorrow, etc. afflicts a Muslim to the extent that even if he becomes a bit distressed on account of worrying over something, then in all these instances Allah forgives his sins.”

Visiting the sick

95. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “When a Muslim visits his fellow Muslim who is sick in the morning, 70 000 angels make du‘â for him till the evening. And when he visits him in the evening, 70 000 angels make du‘â for him till the morning.”

Bathing and enshrouding the deceased and consoling his family

96. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who gives ghusl to the deceased, he (the former) becomes pure from sins just as when his mother had given birth to him. The person who enshrouds the deceased, Allah will make him wear the shoes of jannah. The person who consoles one who is in sorrow, Allah will make him wear the clothes of piety and send mercy to his soul. The person who consoles one who is in difficulty, Allah will make him wear the shoes of jannah the value of which will be more than the value of the entire world.”

Crying in a wailing manner

97. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam has cursed the woman who cries in a wailing manner and the person who listens (with attention) to such a woman.

Women! Please abandon this habit for the sake of Allah.

Devouring the wealth of an orphan

98. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Certain people will be raised on the day of judgement in such a manner that flames of fire will be coming out from their mouths.” Someone asked him: “O Rasûlullâh! Who will these persons be?” He replied: “Haven’t you read in the Quran where Allah says that those who devour the wealth of orphans unjustly are in fact filling their bellies with fire?”

In this context, “unjustly” refers to using the wealth of orphans or spending it when in fact the Sharî‘ah has given them no right to use it. O women! Beware! There is an evil custom in India that the moment the husband passes away and leaves behind small children, his wife takes complete control over his wealth. From this very wealth, she hosts all the guests, lights the musjid (with oil lamps), and feeds those who come to offer salât. When in fact the children have a right in that wealth. And here she is spending it all together (without differentiating between her share and their share of the wealth). Furthermore, she uses this money for her daily expenses and later for the marriage of these children – she does this as she pleases without taking any consideration to what the Sharî‘ah has to say in this regard. It is a major sin to use this money in which others have a right or others are partners. Separate their wealth and spend it only when it is solely for their expenses and you have no alternative but to spend it on them. As for the other expenses of hosting your guests and giving in charity – use your own share of the wealth. And this too should only be done if this spending is not contrary to the Sharî‘ah. If it is contrary to the Sharî‘ah, it will not be permissible for you to even spend your own wealth. Bear all this in mind. If not, the moment you pass away you will be punished.

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