Recitation of the Quran
26. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who recites a single letter of the Quran will receive one reward. And the basic principle with regard to rewards is that they are multiplied ten fold. I do not say that Alif Lâm Mîm is one letter. Instead, Alif is one letter, Lâm is one letter, and Mîm is one letter. Based on this, one will receive 30 rewards.”
Cursing oneself or one’s children
27. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Do not curse yourself, your children, your workers nor your wealth and possessions. May it not occur that the time in which you curse them is the time of acceptance, whereby whatever you ask from Allah will be accepted.”
Earning harâm wealth and utilising it
28. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The meat and blood that has been nourished with harâm wealth will not enter jannah. It is only suitable for jahannam.”
29. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who purchases a garment for 10 dirhams out of which even one dirham is harâm, then as long as that person does not remove that garment from his body, his salât will not be accepted.”
Cheating or Deceiving
30. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who cheats and deceives is not from amongst us.”
All acts of deception are evil irrespective of whether they be in business or in any other transaction.
Taking of loans and debts
31. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “If a person passes away and he is still owing any dirham or dinâr to someone, then this debt of his will be fulfilled with his good deeds where there will be no dirham nor any dinâr (i.e. on the day of judgement).”
32. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Debts are of two kinds: (a) A person passes away while he had the intention of fulfilling his debts. In such a case, Allah says: ‘I will assist him in fulfilling them.’ (b) A person passes away but had no intention of fulfilling his debts. Such a person’s good deeds will be taken in order to fulfil his debts. And on that day there will be no payments with dirhams nor dinârs.”
The meaning of assisting is that Allah will grant a compensation (to the creditor).
Delaying in fulfilling debts despite being able to pay
33. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “It is zulm (oppression) for a person to delay despite being able to fulfil (his debts).”
It is the habit of some people who are owing money or still have to pay the labourer for his work to make them “run around” for their money. They make false promises by asking the person to come tomorrow or the next day, etc. They have the money to pay for all their personal expenses but they pay no attention to fulfilling the rights of others.
Giving and receiving interest
34. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam cursed the giver and receiver of interest.
Confiscating a property
35. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who occupies even a span of land unjustly will be made to wear a collar-chain comprising of the seven earths.”
Paying the labourer immediately
36. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Pay the labourer for his work even before his perspiration can dry.”
37. Allah says: “I Myself will demand the rights on behalf of three persons.” One of these three persons is the labourer who has been given a particular task, who fulfils it and yet is not paid for this task which he completed.”
The death of children
38. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “If three children of a Muslim couple pass away, Allah will enter this couple into jannah through His favour and mercy.” Someone asked: “O Rasûlullâh! What if two children pass away?” He replied: “This reward will be granted for two children as well.” Thereafter he was asked with regard to one child and he gave the same reply. Thereafter said: “I take an oath in the name of that being in whose hands is my life that even if a woman miscarries, that foetus will draw its mother to jannah with its umbilical cord if the mother has made the intention of reward.” That is, she exercised patience with the intention of being rewarded.
Women applying perfume in the presence of men
39. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “A woman who applies perfume and goes in the presence of strange men is like this and like that, i.e. she is immoral.”
A woman should not apply perfume in the presence of even the following relatives: husband’s younger brother, husband’s elder brother, sister’s husband, and all one’s cousins.
Women wearing flimsy clothing
40. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “There are certain women who are apparently clothed but in reality they are naked. Such women will not enter jannah nor will they be able to smell its fragrance.”
Women adopting the dress and appearance of men
41. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam cursed the woman who adopts the dress and appearance of men.
Dressing in order to display one’s status
42. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Allah will make the person who wears clothes for name and fame in this world to wear the clothes of disgrace and dishonour in the hereafter. He will then set him alight with the fire of jahannam.”
This refers to the person who wears clothing with the intention that his status will increase and that everyone will set their eyes on him. This sickness is found to a large extent in women.
43. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam addressed those who were sitting near him and asked: “Do you know who is a poor person?” They replied: “A poor person amongst us is one who neither has any wealth nor possessions.” He replied: “A very poor person in my ummah is he who will come on the day of judgement with his salât, zakât, fasting, etc. In addition to this he was vulgar to a certain person, he wrongfully accused a certain person, he devoured the wealth of a certain person, he shed the blood of a certain person, and he had hit a certain person. All his good deeds will be distributed among these persons whom he had wronged in some way or the other. If his good deeds expire before he can fulfil their rights, then their evil deeds will be placed onto his shoulders and he will be flung into jahannam.”
Mercy and Kindness
44. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Allah does not have mercy on the person who does not show mercy to others.”
Commanding the good and forbidding the evil
45. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever from among you sees a wrong being committed should change it with his hands. If he is unable to do this, he should prevent it with his tongue. If he is unable to do even this, he should consider it evil with his heart. And this is the lowest stage of îmân.”
Women! You have full control over your children and your servants. Ensure that they offer their salât. If they have any pictures of animate objects on paper, on material or animate objects in the form of dolls, useless or immoral books, etc. then tear them apart immediately. Do not give them money to purchase such things. Nor should you give them money to purchase fireworks, kites or sweetmeats that are prepared for diwali (a Hindu festival).
Concealing the shortcomings of a fellow Muslim
46. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who conceals the shortcomings of his fellow Muslim, Allah will conceal his shortcomings on the day of judgement. The person who exposes the shortcomings of his fellow Muslim, Allah will expose his sins so much so that He will disgrace him while he is sitting in his house.”
Becoming happy over the disgrace or loss that befalls someone
47. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Do not become happy over the calamity that afflicts your fellow Muslim or else Allah will have mercy on him and afflict you with a similar calamity.”
Criticising and censuring someone over a sin that the latter may have committed
48. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The person who criticizes his fellow Muslim over a sin that the latter may have committed will not die until he himself commits a similar sin.”
This refers to the sin for which a person has already repented. It is extremely detestable to remind a person of a sin for which he has already repented. If the person has not repented, it will be permissible to advise him. However, it is detestable to do so if one considers oneself to be pure or if one intends to disgrace him.
Committing minor sins
49. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “O ‘Â’ishah! safeguard yourself from committing minor sins as well because Allah has those who will take a retribution for it as well.”
Those who will take a retribution refers to the angels who write down such minor sins as well. On the day of judgement, these will have to be accounted for and there is the fear of being punished for them.
Pleasing one’s parents
50. Rasûlullâh sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “The happiness of Allah is in the happiness of the parents and the displeasure of Allah is in the displeasure of the parents.”