Acts which Invalidate Salaat


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 2-Salat and its virtues / Sunday, August 31st, 2008

1. To give luqmah to anyone other than the imam
while one is in salaat makes that salaat invalid. To give luqmah means to
correct someone who has made a mistake in reciting the Quran. Note: Since
there is a difference of opinion among the jurists with regard to the masa’il
of luqmah, some ulama have written special books on this subject. We are
therefore mentioning a few details over here.

2. If the muqtadi gives a luqmah to his imam,
his salaat will not become invalid. This is irrespective of whether the imam
has recited the specified amount or not. The “specified amount” in this context
refers to that amount of qira’at which is the recommended amount. But in
this case, it will be better for the imam to go into ruku, as will
be mentioned in the next mas’ala.

3. If the imam has recited the specified amount, he
should go into ruku and should not force the muqtadis to give him
luqmah. (To do so is makruh) The muqtadis should also note
that as long as there is no genuine need, they should not give luqmah to
the imam. (To do so is also makruh) Here “genuine need” means that
the imam wishes to continue forward despite making a mistake, or that he
does not go into ruku, or that he keeps silent and remains standing. Even
if they correct him without any “genuine need”, the salaat will not become
invalid – as has been mentioned in the previous mas’alas.

4. If a person gives luqmah to another person who is
in salaat and the person who gave the luqmah was not his
muqtadi
– irrespective of whether he was offering any salaat or not – then
if the person accepts the luqmah then his salaat will become invalid.
However, if the person remembers on his own, either at the same time when the
luqmah
was given or prior to that, or he was not influenced by the luqmah
from the back, but reads from his memory, then the salaat of the one to whom
luqmah
was given will not become invalid.

5. If a person who is offering salaat gives luqmah to
someone who is not his imam, irrespective of whether the latter is
offering salaat or not, then the former’s salaat will become invalid.

6. If the muqtadi gives luqmah to the imam
by hearing the recitation of someone else or by looking into the Quran, his
salaat will become invalid. And if the imam accepts this luqmah,
his salaat will also become invalid. If after looking into the Quran or by
hearing the recitation of someone else, the muqtadi remembers the verse
and gives the luqmah based on his memory, then the salaat will not become
invalid.

7. Similarly, if a person is offering his salaat and recites
one verse after looking into the Quran, his salaat will still become invalid.
And if he had known this verse before looking into the Quran, his salaat will
not become invalid. Alternatively, he did not remember this verse previously,
but looked at less than the complete verse, then too his salaat will not become
invalid.

8. If a woman stands near a man in such a way that any part
of her body comes in line with any part of the body of the man, then the salaat
will become invalid. So much so that when she goes into sajdah and her
head comes in line with his feet, even then the salaat will become invalid.
However, for the salaat to become invalid, the following conditions have to be
found:

i) The woman is mature (irrespective of whether she is young
or old), or she is immature but old enough for sexual intercourse. If a very
young immature girl is in line with a man in salaat, the salaat will not become
invalid.

ii) Both, man and woman, have to be in salaat. If any one of
them is not in salaat and they come in line, the salaat will not become invalid.

iii) There must be no barrier between the two. If there is a
curtain between the two, a sutra, or there is such a gap between the two
that one person can stand there without any difficulty, the salaat will not
become invalid.

iv) All the prerequisites for the salaat to be valid have to
be found in the woman. If a woman is a lunatic, in the state of menstruation or
nifaas, then her coming in line with the man will not make the salaat
invalid because she herself will not be considered to be in salaat.

v) The salaat must not be a janaazah salaat. Being in
line with a man in janaazah salaat will not invalidate the salaat.

vi) Being in line has to be to the extent of one rukn
of salaat. If it is any less, the salaat will not become invalid. For example,
they stand in line for such a short period of time that the ruku or
anything else cannot be made, and thereafter she goes away. This little while
will not invalidate the salaat.

vii) The takbeer-e-tahreemah of both is the same. That
is, this woman is a muqtadi of that man, or this man and woman are the
muqtadis
of a third person.

viii) At the time of commencing the salaat, the imam
had made the intention of imamat for the woman or made this intention in
the midst of his salaat when she joined the jama’at. If the imam did not
make an intention of imamat for her, the salaat will not become invalid.
Instead, only her salaat will not be valid.

9. If the imam’s wudu breaks and he leaves the musjid
without appointing anyone as his deputy, the salaat of all the muqtadis
will become invalid.

10. The imam appointed such a person as his deputy who
does not possess the requirements to be an imam. For example, he
appointed a lunatic, an immature child or a woman. In this case, everyone’s
salaat will become invalid.

11. If a woman kisses her husband while he is in salaat then
his salaat will not become invalid. However, if at the time of being kissed, the
man is overtaken by passion, then his salaat will become invalid. If a woman is
in her salaat and a man kisses her, then her salaat will become invalid
irrespective of whether he kissed her with desire or not, and irrespective of
whether she was overcome by passion or not.

12. If a person tries to pass in front of a musalli,
it is permissible for the musalli to push him aside or to stop him from
this act. This is on condition that this act of stopping him does not involve a
lot of movement. If it involves a lot of movement, his salaat will become
invalid.

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