Acts that are Makruh in Salaat


Bahishti Zewar, Fiqh, Part 2-Salat and its virtues / Sunday, August 31st, 2008

1. Makruh is that act with which salaat does not break
but the reward diminishes and it is sinful.

2. It is makruh to play with one’s clothing, body,
jewellery, or to remove pebbles. However, if one cannot make sajdah
because of the pebbles, he could move them once or twice with his hands.

3. It is makruh to do the following in salaat: to
crack one’s fingers, to rest one’s hands on one’s hips, to turn one’s head and
look to the left or right. However, if one looks at something by glancing
sideways without turning one’s head, then this is not makruh. However, to
do this without any real need is also not good.

4. It is makruh to sit in salaat in the following
ways: to sit on one’s heels, to squat, to sit like a dog. However, if a person
cannot sit in the prescribed way because of some sickness or pain, then he can
sit in whichever position that is comfortable to him. In this case, nothing will
be makruh.

5. It is makruh to raise one’s hands in reply to a
salaam
or to reply to a salaam by moving one’s hands. And if one
gives a verbal reply, salaat will break – as has been mentioned before.

6. It is makruh to gather one’s clothes in order to
prevent them from getting dirty with soil.

7. It is makruh to offer salaat at a place where one
fears that someone will cause one to laugh while in salaat, one’s attention will
be diverted or one will make a mistake in salaat.

8. If someone is sitting in front and talking or occupied in
some other work, then it is not makruh to offer salaat facing that
person’s back. But if the person who is sitting down is discomforted by this,
and gets agitated by this interruption, then in such a case salaat should not be
offered behind such people. If that person is talking so loudly that the person
fears forgetting something in his salaat, then it will be makruh to offer
salaat near him. It is makruh to offer salaat facing someone who is also
facing you.

9. If there is a Quran or sword suspended in front of the
person offering salaat, there is no harm in this.

10. Salaat is permissible on a floor on which there are
pictures. However, it is makruh to make sajdah on the picture
itself. It is also makruh to have a musallah which has pictures
(of animate objects) on it. It is a major sin to have pictures in the house.

11. If the picture is above one’s head, i.e. on the ceiling
or canopy, in front of the person, on his right or left, then his salaat will be
makruh. But it will not be makruh if it is under his feet. If the
picture is so small that if the person keeps it on the floor and stands up, he
will not be able to see it clearly, or if the head of the picture is cut off, or
the head is erased, then there is no harm in this. Salaat will not become
makruh
with a picture of this sort, no matter where it is kept.

12. It is makruh to offer salaat with clothing that
has pictures on it.

13. It is not makruh to have a picture of a tree,
house or any other inanimate object.

14. While in salaat, it is makruh to count any verse
or anything else with one’s fingers. However, there is no harm in counting by
pressing one’s fingers down lightly.

15. It is makruh to make the second rakaat
longer than the first rakaat.

16. It is makruh to specify or set aside a particular
Surah for a particular salaat in such a way that he recites that Surah
only and never ever reads any other surah.

17. It is makruh to place a scarf or any other
clothing over the shoulders and offer salaat.

18. It is makruh to offer salaat with clothes that are
very dirty and soiled. But this will be permissible if he has no other clothes.

19. It is makruh to offer salaat with a coin, etc. in
the mouth. And if the thing is such that it prevents one from reciting the Quran
in salaat, then the person’s salaat will break.

20. It is makruh to offer salaat when one has the urge
to go and relieve oneself.

21. If person is very hungry and the food is already
prepared, he should partake of his meal first and then offer his salaat. It is
makruh to offer salaat without eating. But if there is very little time
left, he should offer his salaat first.

22. It is not good to close one’s eyes and offer salaat. But
if by closing his eyes, a person is able to concentrate better, then there is no
harm in doing this.

23. It is makruh to spit or clean one’s nose
unnecessarily in salaat. But if there is a need to do this, it will be
permissible. For example, a person coughs and phlegm comes into his mouth – it
will be permissible for him to spit on his left hand side or wipe it into a
cloth. However, he should not spit on his right hand side or towards the
qiblah
.

24. If a bug bites a person while offering salaat, he should
catch it and throw it aside. It is not good to kill it while in salaat. But if
it has not bitten one as yet, one should not even catch it because it is
makruh
to do so.

25. When offering a fard salaat, it is makruh
to lean against a wall or anything else unnecessarily.

26. A person did not complete the Surah that he was
reciting – there were a few words still left to be read. Without completing
these few words, he rushed into ruku and completed the Surah in
his ruku. In such a case, his salaat will become makruh.

27. If the spot of sajdah is higher than his feet, for
example a person makes sajdah on the porch, we will have to check how
much higher it is. If it is more than a span, the salaat will not be proper. But
if it is equal to a span or less than that, the salaat will be valid. However,
it is makruh to do so unnecessarily.

28. It is makruh-e-tahrimi to offer salaat while
wearing clothes in a disorderly manner. That is, to wear them in a way that is
contrary to the norm or contrary to the way in which cultured people dress. For
example, one covers oneself with a sheet but does not throw both the corners
over ones shoulders. Alternatively,
he is wearing a kurta but his hands are not in the sleeves. In doing so,
the salaat becomes makruh.

29. It is makruh to offer salaat bare-headed. However,
if one does this with the intention of humility or submissiveness, there is no
harm in this.

30. If a person’s hat or turban falls off while in salaat, it
is preferable to pick it up and wear it. But if wearing it will require a lot of
movement, it should not be picked up.

31. It is makruh-e-tahrimi for men to place their
elbows on the ground when in sajdah.

32. It is makruh-e-tanzihi for the imam to
stand in the mihraab. But if he stands out of the mihraab and
makes his sajdah in the mihraab, this will not be makruh.

33. It is makruh-e-tanzihi for the imam to
stand alone unnecessarily on an elevated place which is equal to or higher than
one arm’s length. But if there are a few muqtadis with the imam,
it will not be makruh. And if there is only one muqtadi with the
imam, it will be makruh. Some scholars have said that if it is
less than one arm’s length and the imam is distinguishable merely by
glancing at him, it will also be makruh.

34. It is makruh-e-tanzihi for all the muqtadis
to be higher than the imam unnecessarily. However, if there is some need,
for example, there are many people and the place is not sufficient, then in such
a case it will not be makruh. It is also permissible for some muqtadis
to be on the same level as the imam, and for others to be on a higher
place.

35. It is makruh-e-tahrimi for the muqtadi to
start any act prior to the imam.

36. It is makruh-e-tahrimi for the muqtadi to
read any dua, verse from the Quran or even Surah Faatihah while
the imam is standing and busy with recitation.

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