Why is Islam Opposed to Factionalism?:
Islam originally dealt a deadly blow to this spirit and administered a clear warning to its followers against the dangerous possibilities it contained. Factionalism is the very anonym of a universal Faith since the basic oneness of humanity cannot endure, even for a brief while, in its presence. The negation of factionalism is an undisputed feature of the Islamic Shariah. There are innumerable provisions to this effect in it. Anyone who has an awareness of the inner nature of Islam— in truth, of Religion— will have no hesitation in realising the truth of the assertion that Religion can have nothing to do with racial or national prejudices. It is beyond dispute that a majority of the ills that are poisoning the world-atmosphere today and dragging humanity to the verge of destruction are the direct result of national factionalism. Naturally, therefore, a man who came to the world only to weld mankind into one whole, to bring it under the banner of a single Faith, to call into existence a new society based on the consciousness of God Almighty, the Nourisher of the World, and to give it peace in place of war, love in place of hatred, unity in place of division, could not but wage a relentless war against it till it became a thing of the past.
Waves of Nationalism in Islamic Countries:
Thanks, however, to the political and cultural domination of the West, the Islamic World, which owes its very existence to the Prophet, has now wholeheartedly adopted the creed of nationalism as if it were a proven scientific truth from which there can be no escape. Almost all the different people who go to make the family of Islam are today ardent admirers of factional prejudices, prejudices which their Religion they are doing best to revive them, including even those paganish national practices which openly amount to idolatry.. For some, pre-Islamic era of their history, which Islam emphatically condemns as paganish and steeped in Ignorance is being recalled as a thing of pride. Yet for Islam, there is nothing more detestable than. The Qur’-an declares the deliverance of Muslims from it as one of the choicest favours of God and calls upon them to be duly grateful to Him for that:
And remember Allah’s favour unto you. How ye were enemies and He made friendship between your hearts so that ye became as brothers by His grace; and (how) ye were upon the brink of an abyss of fire
Nay, but Allah doth confer a favour on you, inasmuch as He hath led you to the faith, if ye are earnest.
He it is Who sendeth down clear Revolutions unto His slave, that He may bring you forth from darkness unto light; and lo! for you, Allah is full of Pity, Merciful.