Allah, the Most High, says,
“O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) selfrestraint. (Fasting) for a fixed number of days,’ but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later.” (Al-Baqarah: 183-184)
The Prophet (pbuh) said,
“Islam is built upon five pillars: Testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, performing prayers, paying Zakat, making pilgrimage and fasting in Ramadan.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
It was related that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said;
“Whoever breaks a fast during Ramadan” without an excuse or illness could not requite it by fasting a lifetime, were he to do so.” (Abu Dawud, At- Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Ad-Darimi)
Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said; “Principles of Islam are three: testifying that there is no god but Allah, prayers and fasting in Ramadan. Whoever misses anyone of them has disbelieved.” (Ya’la and AI-Haithami)
We seek Allah’s refuge from them.