091 The Sun (Rukuh 01) (Ayats 01-15)

Quran & Tafseer, The Noble Quran / Saturday, October 18th, 2008

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

With the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful.

وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَاهَا (1)

[91:1] I swear by the sun and his broad light,

وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلاهَا (2)

[91:2] and by the moon when she follows him,

وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلاَّهَا (3)

[91:3] and by the day when it shows his brightness,

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا (4)

[91:4] and by the night when it envelops him,

وَالسَّمَاءِ وَمَا بَنَاهَا (5)

[91:5] and by the sky, and the One who built it,

وَالأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَاهَا (6)

[91:6] and by the earth, and the One who spread it,

وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا (7)

[91:7] and by the soul, and the One who made it well,

فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا (8)

[91:8] then inspired it with its (instincts of) evil and piety,

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ زَكَّاهَا (9)

[91:9] success is really attained by him who purifies it,

وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ دَسَّاهَا (10)

[91:10]and failure is really suffered by him who pollutes it.

كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِطَغْوَاهَا (11)

[91:11] (The People of) Thamūd denied the truth because of their transgression,

إِذْ انْبَعَثَ أَشْقَاهَا (12)

[91:12] when rose up the one who was most wretched of them.

فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ نَاقَةَ اللَّهِ وَسُقْيَاهَا (13)

[91:13] So, the Messenger of Allah said to them, “Be careful of Allah‘s she-camel and her right to drink.”

فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَعَقَرُوهَا فَدَمْدَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُمْ بِذَنْبِهِمْ فَسَوَّاهَا (14)

[91:14] But they rejected him and killed her, so their Lord sent eradicating torment upon them because of their sin, and made it equal for all.

وَلا يَخَافُ عُقْبَاهَا (15)

[91:15] And He has no fear of its consequence.

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