بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
With the name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Very-Merciful.
لا أُقْسِمُ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ (1)
[90:1] I swear by this city,
وَأَنْتَ حِلٌّ بِهَذَا الْبَلَدِ (2)
[90:2] __and (O Prophet,) you are going to be allowed (to fight) in this city__
وَوَالِدٍ وَمَا وَلَدَ (3)
[90:3] and by the father and all those he begot,
لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الإِنسَانَ فِي كَبَدٍ (4)
[90:4] indeed We have created man (to live) in hard struggle.
أَيَحْسَبُ أَنْ لَنْ يَقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ (5)
[90:5] Does he think that no one has power over him?
يَقُولُ أَهْلَكْتُ مَالاً لُبَداً (6)
[90:6] He says, “I have spent a lot of wealth.”
أَيَحْسَبُ أَنْ لَمْ يَرَهُ أَحَدٌ (7)
[90:7] Does he think that no one has seen him?
أَلَمْ نَجْعَلْ لَهُ عَيْنَيْنِ (8)
[90:8] Did We not make for him two eyes,
وَلِسَاناً وَشَفَتَيْنِ (9)
[90:9] and one tongue and two lips,
وَهَدَيْنَاهُ النَّجْدَيْنِ (10)
[90:10] and showed him the two ways?
فَلا اقْتَحَمَ الْعَقَبَةَ (11)
[90:11] Yet he did not make his way through the steep course, __
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْعَقَبَةُ (12)
[90:12] __ And what may let you know what the steep course is?
فَكُّ رَقَبَةٍ (13)
[90:13] (It is) freeing of the neck of a slave,
أَوْ إِطْعَامٌ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ (14)
[90:14] or giving food in a day of hunger
يَتِيماً ذَا مَقْرَبَةٍ (15)
[90:15] to an orphan near of kin,
أَوْ مِسْكِيناً ذَا مَتْرَبَةٍ (16)
[90:16] or to a needy person lying in dust ___
ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنْ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ (17)
[90:17] ___ then he did not join those who believe and advise each other to be patient and advise each other to be merciful.
أُوْلَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ (18)
[90:18] Those are the People of the Right Hand. (i.e. their books of deeds will be given in their right hands)
وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا هُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ (19)
[90:19] As for those who reject Our verses, they are the People of the Left Hand. (i.e. their books of deeds will be given in their left hands.)
عَلَيْهِمْ نَارٌ مُؤْصَدَةٌ (20)
[90:20] Upon them will be the Fire, enveloping them with closed exits.